The so-called quad idea was raised in July during a virtual meeting between Xi Jinping, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron. Photo: Xinhua
The so-called quad idea was raised in July during a virtual meeting between Xi Jinping, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron. Photo: Xinhua

China’s Africa infrastructure ‘quad’ idea for France, Germany ‘doomed to fail’

  • Governmental cooperation suggested by President Xi Jinping faces obstacles, according to Johns Hopkins University researchers
  • Companies from the three nations do cooperate, but past attempts to formalise ties suggest Xi’s idea will not proceed, they say

Topic |   China-Africa relations
The so-called quad idea was raised in July during a virtual meeting between Xi Jinping, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron. Photo: Xinhua
The so-called quad idea was raised in July during a virtual meeting between Xi Jinping, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron. Photo: Xinhua
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