Chinese President Xi Jinping called on the Group of 20 members to build an “inclusive and fair” global digital economic environment, taking aim at restrictions on technological cooperation . Xi’s remarks – amid an escalating US-China tech war – came during a Wednesday session at the G20 summit in Indonesia. During a discussion about transformation to digital economies, Xi rejected restrictions on technological cooperation in the expanding global digital economy, saying multilateralism and international cooperation must continue. China, US discuss ‘macroeconomic, financial challenges’ and outlook at G20 Xi said building “a small yard with high fences” to limit or hinder cooperation in science and technology would hurt the interests of others without benefiting oneself, and such practices were incompatible with common global interests. He urged nations to work together to close gaps among countries using digital economies and to help developing countries and vulnerable groups better integrate into the digital world. Xi also encouraged participation in the “G20 Action Plan on Digital Innovation and Cooperation”, promoting innovation for wider use of digital technology. China proposed the plan during the G20 summit it hosted in Hangzhou in 2016, the first time the topic had made it onto a G20 agenda. Xi said China was ready to continue cooperating with G20 members to build a “global digital economic paradigm” that would benefit all countries. Xi’s speech came a month after Washington slapped fresh restrictions on 31 Chinese companies and institutes, preventing them from obtaining core US technologies. The US is considering further export controls to target more tech sectors , including quantum computing and artificial intelligence. In a statement after Monday’s meeting with US President Joe Biden, Xi cautioned that starting a tech war and pushing for decoupling ran “counter to the principles of the market economy” and was in “no one’s interests”. China has the world’s largest e-commerce market and is the world’s second-largest digital economy following the US, amounting to 45.5 trillion yuan (US$6.43 trillion) in 2021, accounting for 39.8 per cent of its GDP, according to China’s internet development report released during the China-sponsored World Internet Conference in Wuzhen last week. China’s tech titans give away billions to heed ‘common prosperity’ call China’s digital economy is a core part of its overall economic development objectives. The country’s digital economy development plan for the 14th five-year plan, released earlier this year, called for further digital integration with the real economy, and for faster digital transformation of industries. China’s State Council also released a new report last month pledging to continue to improve the country’s digital economy, which signalled its response to the recent tech restrictions imposed by the US. The report includes eight approaches to bolster the digital economy sector, including pooling resources to pursue breakthroughs in core technologies, ramping up construction of digital infrastructure, stepping up digital innovations, and establishing an advanced industrial cluster. Xi delivered the remarks as he wrapped up his G20 agenda. He was expected to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit on Thursday in Bangkok, Thailand.