China has conducted a live-fire drill on its western border while India has confirmed it will hold joint military exercises with the US near a disputed area of the Himalayas this autumn. On Saturday, the Indian Army confirmed its plans to hold drills with the United States less than 100km (62 miles) from the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the de facto border between India and western China’s Tibet autonomous region. The announcement came as tensions between Beijing and Washington simmered over Taiwan, with the People’s Liberation Army winding down unprecedented military drills around the island in retaliation for US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit last week. China’s modified rocket launchers filmed facing towards India The US-India drills will be held in mid-October at an altitude of 3,048 metres (10,000 feet) in Auli in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and will focus on high-altitude warfare training, Indian media cited a senior army officer as saying. Chinese state media reported last week that a brigade of the PLA Tibetan Military District had held a live-fire air defence drill. Pictures showed drones, air defence guns and missiles being used in the mountainous terrain. China National Radio also reported that the troops practised ways to defend against attacks from the air and provide cover and protection for key targets. The report did not specify the location or exact date of the exercise, saying only that it was held “recently in a training ground at an altitude of 4,600 metres”. The US-India joint exercise, known as “Yudh Abhyas” , started in 2002 as the largest joint military training between the countries. The location of the exercises alternates between India and the United States. In its last edition in October 2021, the two armies practised in the mountains of Alaska, evacuating casualties via UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters and sling-loading artillery beneath CH-47 Chinooks. US Army Pacific Commanding General Charles Flynn commented earlier on this year’s Yudh Abhyas, saying the exercise had “a deterrent effect across regions” and was “a valuable way of expressing commitment to each other”. India and China share thousands of kilometres of disputed border in the Himalayas and for decades have had military stand-offs and skirmishes along the LAC, most recently in June 2020, when more than 20 Indian and four Chinese soldiers were killed in the Galwan Valley conflict . Following the incident, the two sides have heavily increased their military build-up near the front line and frequently staged war games. Army commanders finished the 16th round of marathon negotiations over the stand-off in a border village last month, but key differences are still far from being resolved. The two sides only agreed to manage the situation, maintain peace and continue the dialogue.