Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone
Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone

Textbooks change: China’s war against Japanese aggression lasted 14 years instead of eight

Letter instructs schools to extend timeline of ‘eight-year war of resistance’ in primary and secondary teaching materials

Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone
Shanghai citizens try to enter the international settlement to take refuge from Japanese armed forces bombings, in August 1937. Photo: Keystone
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