Beijing will hold a long-delayed key financial work conference this month, putting the focus on financial security in the run-up to an expected changing of the top Communist Party guard later this year, sources and Chinese media said on Wednesday. The big issues up for debate could include an overhaul of the financial regulatory regime, financial security and opening up of the financial markets, the sources said. The first National Financial Work Conference was held in November 1997 during the Asian Financial Crisis. The conference is held once in five years to determine the direction of financial regulation and reform. The upcoming fifth conference was delayed by more than a year as decision makers struggled to agree on the best way to keep financial markets in check. The need for better regulation came to a head after watchdogs were accused of failing to adequately respond to a stock market meltdown two years ago. China may ease regulatory squeeze on financial sector to avoid more risk The conference will be held at the same time as a closed-door meeting on global and domestic economic conditions in the second half of the year, business news service Caixin reported. Observers said the conference would lay down a framework and direction for changes to the financial regulatory regime, with the big steps to be taken after the national party congress in autumn. The changes were expected to centre on the creation of super regulator above the existing set of agencies and operating out of the central bank, Caixin reported. The report said the super regulator’s committee would be led by senior State Council officials, with the central bank governor in charge of day-to-day operations. China's muddled regulatory battlefront against stock market 'monsters' Renmin University finance professor Zhao Xijun said the main theme of the conference would probably be warding off financial risks, and better monitoring of new risks from fin-tech growth. “It is not simply about the division of power but rather the division of function,” Zhao said. But he said no big changes to the existing system comprising the People’s Bank of China and the banking, securities and insurance watchdogs, were expected to be outlined at the conference because stability was a top priority for Beijing ahead of the congress. Sun Hung Kai Financial economist Jonas Short said the meeting was unlikely to herald “the formation of a ‘super regulator’”. Instead, there could be the unveiling of a smaller version “involving lesser regulators’ merging with the PBOC as figurehead”, he said. The first two conferences – in 1997 and 2002 – were steered by then premier Zhu Rongji and paved the way for the formation of the existing financial regulatory framework and listings of the country’s big commercial banks.