Companies in China accused of violating environmental regulations paid fines totalling 1.02 billion yuan (US$154 million) in the first 10 months of 2017, up 48 per cent from a year earlier, the environment ministry said on Wednesday. As part of a campaign to “normalise compliance” when it comes to protecting the environment, China has promised zero tolerance for firms guilty of offences such as illegally dumping waste, exceeding mandatory emissions caps or tampering with monitoring equipment. Dirty diesel trucks are now the main roadblock in smog fight, Beijing warns The country’s new environmental protection law, in force since the start of 2015, allows the authorities to fine people or enterprises breaking the law on a daily basis until they rectify their problems, and gives regulators the authority to launch criminal charges. The Ministry of Environmental Protection said in a notice that 32,227 cases had been handled in the first 10 months, more than twice the number recorded in 2016. The number of “administrative detentions”, in which an official or executive was detained for continuing to violate regulations, jumped 161 per cent to 7,093, it said. Pollution claims 1.8 million lives in China, latest research says Typical cases included a paper company in southwest China’s Guangxi region and a construction materials manufacturer in eastern Zhejiang province, both of which were accused of tampering with monitoring equipment and forging data. China is in the middle of a six-month winter campaign to meet air quality targets in northern China, with vast swathes of industrial capacity in 28 cities under orders to shut down during smog build-up. With enforcement long seen as a weak link, the government has been at pains to show it is strengthening supervision and punishment capabilities, and it has established task forces and real-time monitoring systems to help crack down on polluters. Natural gas crunch in northern China leaves hospitals, schools out in the cold Local officials also face tougher penalties, including demotion or even dismissal, if they are found responsible for a failure to meet pollution targets this winter. They will also be “audited” for the way they manage natural resources, according to a series of new guidelines issued in recent months. The environment ministry said last month that 1,140 government officials were “held to account” for violating rules and regulations after the first round of province-level environmental inspections conducted last year. Most received only an official reprimand, while 10 were dismissed and 12 faced criminal punishments.