Uygurs around the world rally in protest against Chinese security campaign in Xinjiang
Demonstrators call for protection of culture and a stop to extrajudicial detention in the country’s far western region
Members of the Uygur Muslim ethnic group held demonstrations in cities around the world to protest against a sweeping Chinese surveillance and security campaign that has sent thousands of their people into detention and political indoctrination centres.
Overseas Uygur activists said they planned demonstrations in 14 countries on Thursday in total, including the United States, Australia and Turkey.
More than a hundred Uygur protesters gathered at a plaza near the United Nations in New York to call on the body to protect their culture against Chinese government efforts to assimilate the Turkic-speaking people. Elsewhere, hundreds of Uygur women on Istanbul’s Istiklal Street and in front of Sydney Town Hall chanted and waved blue flags, the separatist symbol for a proposed independent state called East Turkestan.
China has rolled out one of the world’s most aggressive policing programmes in the Uygurs’ homeland of Xinjiang, a vast region in the country’s northwest. Chinese officials say the crackdown is necessary to stamp out a decades-long separatist movement and, more recently, Islamic extremism seeping into the region. Hundreds have died in violent clashes in recent years that the government blames on separatist militants.
Growing resentment against the authorities in China, and the call of Islamist Uygur militant groups, has also attracted thousands of Uygurs to travel to Syria in recent years. But Uygur activists and international rights groups say the far-reaching security campaign, which has accelerated markedly since 2016, exacerbates tensions and unfairly targets the entire Uygur population of more than 10 million.
“The Chinese government is using the war against terrorism very effectively, using that to portray the Uygur as a terrorist,” said Rushan Abbas, the organiser of the New York protest who showed up with her children. “In actuality, the Chinese government is the one who’s acting the terrorist against the Uygur.”
Many overseas Uygurs say that their relatives in China have been sent to an extrajudicial network of political indoctrination centres for months at a time without formal charges or for reasons unrelated to separatist activity – such as communicating with relatives abroad.
“Can you imagine a place where millions are taken into camps without the involvement of courts?” said Seyit Tumturk, who helped organise the Istanbul rally.
Allegations of widespread abuse in the centres, including unexplained deaths, have been rife but are almost impossible to confirm, given the extreme level of surveillance and government obstruction of independent reporting trips by overseas media. Associated Press reporters were detained for 11 hours by police in Xinjiang in November while investigating the reported death of a 26-year-old in an indoctrination centre.
Tumturk, a Turkey-based activist who is backed by some Turkish political parties, has been meeting various governments including Japan and Australia in recent months to seek support for a new overseas Uygur political group.
His movement would call for the establishment of an independent Uygur state allied with Turkey and Central Asian states and distance itself from the World Uygur Congress, the historically dominant, US-funded Uygur lobby group that advocates worldwide for greater autonomy for Xinjiang but not outright independence from China.
Tumturk said he was motivated by a sense of urgency.
“We have received a lot of bad news that the situation in China is getting worse and worse,” he said.
China has tightened restrictions over the instruction of Islam and the Uygur language and even what names Uygurs are allowed to give their babies in an effort to swiftly assimilate the minority group into the Chinese mainstream, which is dominated by the Han ethnic group.
Government officials say the assimilation process will bring economic benefits to poor parts of Xinjiang, promote secularism and reinforce a sense of “patriotism” among Uygurs. Uygur activists warn that the heavy-handed methods could render traditional Uygur culture practically extinct in a matter of a few decades.
Uygurs face a raft of other hurdles not imposed upon the Han: they have difficulty procuring passports and those who have them are required to leave them with the police. In Xinjiang, frequent road blocks and checkpoints enable authorities to stop people and check their mobile phones for content that might be deemed suspicious.
International groups including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have called Xinjiang, an area half the size of India, one of the most tightly policed regions in the world.