China’s chaotic celebrity fan culture , its monopolised sectors and after-school education are all results of the country’s “irrational expansion of capital”, according to a government researcher in Beijing. “The ‘fan culture’ is the capital using its power to create a consumption culture, and to manipulate youth spending habits and influence public culture,” said Jiang Yu, a researcher with the macro economy department of the Development Research Centre of the State Council, affiliated with the central government. Jiang added that the “irrational expansion of capital” has also resulted in other chaos, including the monopoly by tech giants and after-school education firms, calling them “much-hated” phenomena. Stalking, illegal tracking, assault: is China’s fan culture off the rails? “Once the overexpansion of capital exerts a heavy influence on the overall development of economy and society, it would force [China’s] development off the path of ‘the people-centred approach’.” Jiang’s remarks were made during an interview with the website of the Central Commission on Discipline Inspection , the party’s powerful anti-corruption watchdog. Jiang’s position, a government researcher affiliated with the State Council, is not a powerful job in itself. But his remarks touching on a wide range of sectors were made as the Chinese authorities stepped up regulatory moves on multiple fronts. Last week, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) , the country’s internet watchdog, detailed 10 areas for rectification among fan communities. Movie star Zhao Wei was recently completely wiped from video and social websites for unknown reasons, while actress Zheng Shuang was ordered to pay a US$46.1 million fine for tax evasion. What’s the end game for China’s crackdown on private tutoring? While Jiang did not address these cases specifically, he signalled clearly that the entertainment industry was also key to Beijing’s control of ideology and should not tolerate negative influence by big businesses. “Literature and art is an important battlefield of thought and ideology and thus an extremely important work for the party,” Jiang said. “If capital is allowed to irrationally expand in the literary and art world, [the industry] will lose its function to serve the people and socialism, and it would destroy the spiritual home of the Chinese nation.” Jiang added that recent moves by the Chinese government to step up regulation in multiple sectors were all aimed at chipping away at the “irrational expansion of capital” . “Our party has adequate knowledge of the duality of capital,” he said, adding that Beijing’s recent antitrust efforts as well as its anti-corruption efforts were trying to draw clear lines for the growing power of businesses. “[We] always insist that there are boundaries with the expansion of capital,” he said. “It should not deflect the direction of China’s socialism development, it should not manipulate key matters of livelihood, undermine national interests, corrupt officials or seek unjust political interests.” How is China’s regulatory crackdown already hurting its economy? The Chinese government has ramped up antitrust efforts, imposing heavy penalties on tech giants. On Monday, President Xi Jinping pledged to further step up antitrust regulation during a key meeting, where a party directive on the matter was passed. On the same day, the State Administration for Market Regulation announced an investigation into food delivery giant Meituan’s acquisition of shared-bike company Mobike three years ago.