The tiny book used by civil service exam applicants to crib their answers. Photo: Icswb.com

How students cheated in exams to get into China’s imperial civil service

Tiny book on display in Changsha gives glimpse of the underhand methods used by some trying to enter China’s bureaucracy during Ming and Qing dynasties

Topic |   China Society

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The tiny book used by civil service exam applicants to crib their answers. Photo: Icswb.com
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