China’s coal-dependent Henan still trails on air pollution as winter brings more smog
- Province beats its target for levels of lung-damaging small particle pollution, but remains far behind national target and its smog worsened at end of year
- Beijing continues its war on pollution, although 80 per cent of Chinese cities fail to meet national standard over the year
The heavy industrial Chinese province of Henan met its target to cut air pollution in 2018 but underperformed the country as a whole after a surge in smog over winter, underscoring the challenges facing coal-dependent regions as the economy slows.
Henan, a major coal and metal producer in central China, is under heavy pressure to curb pollution and restructure its industrial economy as Beijing’s five-year “war on pollution” expands to more regions.
It promised late last year that it would work to slash coal consumption by 15 per cent by 2020, but many of its mining-dependent cities are struggling to find alternative sources of growth.
Over the course of 2018, concentrations of lung-damaging small particle pollution known as PM2.5 fell 1.6 per cent from a year earlier to 61 micrograms per cubic metre. That beat its target of 63 micrograms, but is still well above China’s national standard of 35 micrograms.
“The province’s air quality has continuously improved,” said Jiao Fei, the vice-head of the provincial environmental protection office, according to a transcript of a press conference posted by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on Thursday.
Still, a Reuters analysis of official pollution data showed that PM2.5 in nine industrial cities in Henan rose by an average of 12 per cent in December, hitting 82 micrograms. It hit nearly 100 micrograms in November, more than double a year earlier.
Jiao blamed poor weather over the last two months of the year, saying that “diffusion conditions” in Henan were significantly worse than normal, leading to longer smog outbreaks.
“Heavy pollution weather conditions in Henan were much more severe than in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and other provinces,” he said.
According to the ministry’s data published this week, PM2.5 levels in 338 cities across China fell 9.3 per cent compared with last year, to an average of 39 micrograms. A total of 262 cities failed to meet the national standard of 35 micrograms over the year.