After weeks of antagonism between opposing camps of lawmakers and a dramatic day where 11 pan-democrats were booted out of the chamber for disrupting the ongoing debate, 24 amendments to the Legislative Council’s rule book were passed on Friday evening. The 24 changes, proposed by the pro-establishment bloc to curb filibustering, were staunchly opposed by the pro-democracy camp, which said it would stop them from being an effective check on the city’s government, and allow the administration to bulldoze through controversial legislation. One additional change, proposed by the house rules committee, on correcting a Chinese character in the rule book, was also passed but 24 proposals by the pro-democracy camp were vetoed. After the amendments were passed at about 6.30pm, some of the lawmakers booted out of the debate joined hands with about 20 of their assistants to stage a protest outside the chamber, chanting slogans such as, “Legco is not National People’s Congress ”, “Hongkongers would not give up, safeguard Hong Kong” and “Disgraceful pro-Beijing running dogs”. About 10 pan-democrats, comprising those kicked out of the debate and former lawmakers, then spoke to more than 100 supporters who had gathered outside the complex in Admiralty, criticising their opponents and receiving rounds of applause. Pro-establishment supporters, who had occupied a separate protest zone, left at about 7.15pm. Earlier, when the amendments were put to a vote one by one from about 4pm, three pan-democrats tore up a copy of the rule book and chanted that they “oppose the changes to the rules of procedure”, after which they were told to leave by Legco president Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen. The three – the Democratic Party’s James To Kun-sun and Roy Kwong Chun-yu, together with Leung Yiu-chung – are from “super seats”, where over 3 million voters across Hong Kong elect five existing district councillors as lawmakers. They received over a million votes altogether in last year’s Legco elections . Other lawmakers are picked by voters from single geographical or trade-based constituencies, with the number of electors ranging from a few hundred to a hundred thousand. Showdown in Legco over changes to its rule book: What’s fuelling the continuing clash? To, a lawmaker of 20 years, held back tears as he said: “This is my first time being kicked out.” “I felt very humiliated when I was inside to be lectured by those members who had zero votes but still tried to teach me how to be a responsible councillor and how to be a person who would kowtow to Beijing.” Eight other lawmakers were kicked out of the debate at various points during the day, for actions ranging from turning on a personal attack alarm – usually used by women as a form of self-protection – and wielding an iron chain and refusing to sit down. Pan-dems set up new panels to protest proposed Hong Kong Legco rule changes They included Eddie Chu Hoi-dick, who first tried to occupy the vacant Legco president’s seat and later chanted slogans about Legco not becoming China’s legislature; Ted Hui Chi-fung who set off a personal attack alarm and locked it in a drawer and Raymond Chan Chi-chuen who refused to sit down after making his speech and instead took out an iron chain trying to tie himself to his chair. Chan, of the People Power party, vowed to keep fighting. “After the vote today, there would only be more fights in the legislature, making it even harder to run proceedings,” he said. The lawmakers’ actions were a continuation of efforts to drag out the debate, with lawmaker Shiu Ka-chun, representing the social welfare sector, also turning on a personal attack alarm to force a suspension of the meeting on Thursday. However, as Leung pressed on with the debate, the rival camps on Friday made sure to belabour their stance on the amendments to Legco’s rules of procedure. We just require the opposition to pay when they filibuster, rather than filibuster without costs Wong Kwok-kin, lawmaker “It is a battle between filibustering and anti-filibustering, as simple as that. We just require the opposition to pay when they filibuster, rather than filibuster without costs,” lawmaker Wong Kwok-kin, who was previously one of Hong Kong’s deputies to China’s legislature , said. The amendments, he insisted, would not shut down all opportunities for the opposition to delay motions or bills they disagreed with. Pan-democrats, in their final rallying call, asked their rivals to reflect on how they had “let the public down”. “Every election is the best test,” Civic Party lawmaker Tanya Chan said, adding that pro-democracy lawmakers had won majority votes in the previous elections. But after a court disqualified six elected pan-democratic lawmakers for failing to take their oaths of office properly, the veto power of the pro-democracy bloc was significantly weakened , with the pro-establishment camp capitalising on the situation to push through the amendments. The bloc’s proposals included one to require 35 instead of 20 lawmakers to support the setting up of a committee to investigate government officials, and another that would require fewer lawmakers to be present in the chamber for certain types of Legco meetings. Carrie Lam rejects call to mediate tensions in Legco over rule book changes, says pan-dems would not want her to interfere The other amendments were mainly aimed at curbing their opponents’ delaying tactics, which include repeatedly calling for quorum counts, making long speeches and submitting stacks of amendments. The Legco secretariat on Friday said the council had spent 36 hours on the rule book changes, with 20 hours spent on days of debate and the rest of the time on dealing with proceedings. Pan-democrats called for 24 quorum bells, halting the meetings for around 4.5 hours in total. Speaking on the matter while in Beijing, Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor said the Legco president had “taken full account of the legal and constitutional positions in the Basic Law , with the benefit of advice from the secretariat’s legal advisers”. “It is not for me to say that these particular amendments to the rules of procedures are unconstitutional because so far it is still being taken care of in the Legislative Council,” she added.