Twin attacks in Burkina Faso may have targeted anti-terrorism meeting of Sahel nations

No group has claimed responsibility for the suicide car bombing and gunfire, which hit the French embassy and military headquarters, leaving dozens dead or injured

PUBLISHED : Saturday, 03 March, 2018, 4:35pm
UPDATED : Saturday, 03 March, 2018, 10:22pm

Jihadists may have been targeting a specialised counterterrorism force when they launched multiple attacks in the Burkina Faso capital on Friday, leaving dozens either dead or wounded.

The government on Saturday said the attack, which included a suicide car bombing and armed gunmen attacking security forces, could have been trying to strike a planned meeting of the G5 Sahel regional anti-terrorism force.

Officials from Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger were at the meeting, representing the G5 Sahel nations who have launched a joint military force to combat jihadists on the southern rim of the Sahara.

Security Minister Clement Sawadogo said the meeting was supposed to have been held at the headquarters of the Burkinabe armed forces, but had been moved to another room.

“Perhaps it was the target. We do not know at the moment. In any case the room was literally destroyed by the explosion,” he said.

The violence began mid-morning on Friday when heavy gunfire broke out in the centre of the Burkinabe capital Ouagadougou. Witnesses said five armed men got out of a car and opened fire on passers-by before heading towards the French embassy.

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At the same time, the bomb went off near the military headquarters and the French cultural centre, about a kilometre from the site of the first attack, other witnesses said.

Eight members of the armed forces were killed by the car bomb and the parallel attack on the French embassy, while 80 were wounded, Sawadogo said, adding that the eight attackers had been shot dead.

“The vehicle was packed with explosives” and caused “huge damage”, Sawadogo said, adding that it was a suicide attack.

Meanwhile, three security sources, two in France and one in West Africa, told AFP that at least 28 people were killed in the attack on the military headquarters alone.

French government sources said there were no French casualties and described the situation in Ouagadougou as “under control”.

“Our country was once again the target of dark forces,” President Roch Marc Christian Kabore said in a statement.

When fully assembled and operational at the end of this month, the counterterrorism G5 force is expected to be made up of 5,000 troops. It has already carried out operations against jihadist fighters with help from the French army.

Mahamadou Issoufou, Niger’s president and the current chair of the G5-Sahel, said Friday’s attacks “will only strengthen the resolve of the G5-Sahel and its allies in the fight against terrorism”.

“More than ever, Africa and the international community must mobilise to stand together against this barbarity that must be permanently neutralised,” added Guinea’s President Alpha Conde in a statement.

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More than ever, Africa and the international community must mobilise to stand together against this barbarity
Guinea’s President Alpha Conde

French President Emmanuel Macron telephoned his Burkinabe counterpart Kabore to express solidarity and send his condolences to the families of the slain security force members, his office said.

Macron, who made a high-profile visit to Burkina Faso in November, said the attacks “illustrate once more the threat weighing on the entire Sahel region”.

Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said damage to the embassy was minor, and the mission would be able to resume normal operations “in two or three days”.

He paid tribute to the Burkinabe forces defending the embassy: “It’s thanks to the courage of these troops and gendarmes that no one was hurt.”

There was no immediate claim of responsibility but Burkina Information Minister Remis Fulgance Dandjinou said the attack “has strong overtones of terrorism”.

Burkina Faso has a history of military-backed coups as well as of jihadist attacks.

The insurgency has caused thousands of deaths, prompted tens of thousands to flee their homes and dealt crippling blows to economies that are already among the poorest in the world.

On August 13 last year, two assailants opened fire on a restaurant on Ouagadougou’s main avenue, killing 19 people and wounding 21. No one has so far claimed responsibility.

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On January 15 2016, 30 people, including six Canadians and five Europeans, were killed in a jihadist attack on a hotel and restaurant in the city centre.

That attack was claimed by the al-Qaeda linked Al-Murabitoun group, which was led by one-eyed Algerian jihadist Mokhtar Belmokhtar.

A group called al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) also said some of its militants were involved.

France, the former colonial power in the Sahel region, has deployed 4,000 troops to support the five-country G5 joint force.

On February 21, two members of the French counterterrorism force were killed by a landmine near Mali’s border with Niger and Burkina Faso. Twelve French soldiers have died since the campaign, called Operation Barkhane, was launched in August 2014.

The United Nations also has a 12,000-strong peacekeeping force in Mali called MINUSMA, which has taken heavy casualties. Four UN peacekeepers were killed by a mine blast on Wednesday in the centre of the country.