Ebola virus

DR Congo rolls out experimental Ebola drugs as dozens die in latest outbreak

Two of the 10 people who were the first to receive an experimental treatment have recovered

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 26 August, 2018, 4:19pm
UPDATED : Sunday, 26 August, 2018, 9:19pm

An outbreak of Ebola in eastern DR Congo has killed 67 people this month, authorities said, as they roll out a battery of new drugs to tackle the virus amid concerns it has spread to a rebel-encircled area.

A total of 105 cases have been reported since the flare-up of Ebola began on August 1 in Mangina in North Kivu province, according to the health ministry, out of which 77 have been confirmed by laboratory tests.

It said 11 people have recovered from the virus and 67 had died.

Health minister Oly Ilunga Kalenga travelled to Mangina on Thursday and saw two patients being discharged after they were treated with a new prototype treatment called mAb114.

“These two people are among the first 10 patients to have received the therapeutic molecule mAb114,” the ministry said in a statement.

Developed in the United States, it is the first therapeutic drug to be used in an active Ebola epidemic in the DRC.

Earlier last week, the health ministry said four other experimental drugs had been approved for treating infected patients.

On Friday, the World Health Organisation warned that signs the virus had spread to the city of Oicha in North Kivu could frustrate efforts to contain the virus.

While Oicha itself is not under rebel control, WHO emergency response chief Peter Salama said the city was entirely surrounded by territory held by a feared Ugandan insurgent group known as the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).

Large numbers of civilians have been killed in unrest around Oicha, while aid workers, priests and government employers are currently being held hostage there by insurgents.

On Friday, army troops came under attack in Beni, at the heart of the Ebola-affected region, military and civil sources said. The assault was blamed on ADF rebels.

No official toll were provided but locals spoke of around 10 soldiers killed.

Ebola, a haemorrhagic fever, is spread via contact with bodily fluids of those infected, including the dead.

It can be fatal in up to 90 per cent of cases, depending on the strain. This is Congo’s tenth outbreak of the virus and the first in North Kivu province.

The affected region in this outbreak, which includes Ituri province to the north, borders Uganda, Rwanda and South Sudan.

While WHO says the public health risk is high at the national and regional level it advises against travel restrictions.

Additional reporting by Associated Press