Taiwan and Somaliland establish diplomatic ties, bucking pressure from China
- Somaliland, which split away from Somalia in 1991, has its own independent government, currency and security system
- The move prompted Beijing to accuse Taiwan of undermining Somalia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity
Intense pressure from China has reduced the self-governing, democratic island to having only 15 diplomatic allies, and being excluded from the United Nations and most other international organisations where Beijing has leverage.
China claims Taiwan as its own territory to be brought under its control by military force if it deems necessary. In elections and public opinion surveys, Taiwanese have overwhelmingly rejected political union with China.
Somaliland broke away from Somalia in 1991 as the country collapsed into warlord-led conflict and has seen little of the violence and extremist attacks that plague its neighbour to the south.
Despite lacking international recognition, the region has maintained its own independent government, currency and security system.
In a statement posted July 1 on the Taiwanese foreign ministry’s website, minister Joseph Wu said the governments had agreed to establish ties based on “friendship and a shared commitment to common values of freedom, democracy, justice and the rule of law”.
“In the spirit of mutual assistance for mutual benefit, Taiwan and Somaliland will engage in cooperation in areas such as fisheries, agriculture, energy, mining, public health, education” and technology, Wu said.
Wu and Somaliland’s foreign minister, Yasin Hagi Mohamoud, signed a bilateral agreement in Taipei on February 26. Taiwan has been providing scholarships to students from the region of 3.9 million people.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said on Monday that China maintained ties with Somalia and accused Taiwan of “undermining Somali sovereignty and territorial integrity”.
“China firmly opposes Taiwan and Somaliland establishing an official agency or having any form of official exchanges,” Zhao told reporters at a daily briefing.