Jailed former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori pardoned for ‘humanitarian reasons’
Fujimori governed from 1990 to 2000 and remains a polarising figure in Peru, where many loathe him for human rights violations carried out under his regime
Peru’s president announced on Sunday night that he granted a medical pardon to jailed former strongman Alberto Fujimori, who was serving a 25-year sentence for human rights abuses, corruption and the sanctioning of death squads.
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski released a statement saying he decided to free Fujimori for “humanitarian reasons”.
The 79-year-old Fujimori, who governed from 1990 to 2000, is a polarising figure in Peru. Some Peruvians laud him for defeating the Maoist Shining Path guerilla movement, while others loathe him for human rights violations carried out under his government.
His daughter, Keiko Fujimori, narrowly lost Peru’s last presidential election to Kuczynski, and her party dominates congress. Her party mounted an attempt this month to oust Kuczynski over business ties to the Brazilian construction company Odebrecht, which is at the centre of a huge Latin American corruption scandal, but the president survived the impeachment vote late on Thursday.
Fujimori filed a request seeking a medical pardon more than a year ago, citing deteriorating health. He has said on his Twitter account that he suffers from arrhythmia, for which he has been hospitalised several times this year. He was taken from prison to a clinic on Saturday after suffering a drop in blood pressure, and supporters gathered outside the clinic to celebrate his pardon on Sunday night.
Peruvian law provides that no person convicted of murder or kidnapping can receive a presidential pardon except in the case of a terminal illness. Three previous requests from Fujimori for pardons since 2013 were rejected after doctors said he did not suffer from incurable illness or severe mental disorder.
Fujimori would have been in prison until age 93 if he had severed his full sentence.
A former university president and mathematics professor, Fujimori was a political outsider when he emerged from obscurity to win Peru’s 1990 presidential election over writer Mario Vargas Llosa.
Peru was being ravaged by runaway inflation and guerilla violence when he took office. He quickly rebuilt the economy with mass privatisation of state industries. Defeating the fanatical Shining Path rebels took longer but his fight won him broad-based support.
His presidency collapsed just as dramatically as his rise to power. After briefly shutting down Congress and putting himself into a third term, Fujimori fled the country in disgrace in 2000 after leaked videotapes showed his spy chief, Vladimiro Montesinos, bribing lawmakers. Fujimori went to Japan, his parents’ homeland, and famously sent in his resignation by fax.
Five years later, he stunned supporters and enemies alike when he flew to neighbouring Chile, where he was arrested and extradited to Peru. Fujimori’s goal was run for Peru’s presidency again in 2006, but instead he went to trial and was convicted of abuse of power.