How cheap travel and technology has changed the profile of sexual predators
Globally, 1.2 million children are estimated to be victims of sex and labour trafficking
Children worldwide are more likely to be preyed upon by residents of their own homeland than foreign tourists seeking illicit sex, anti-trafficking experts said on Wednesday.
The typical picture of a sexual predator is no longer a white, wealthy middle-aged man from a western country but business travellers, migrant workers and local tourists in their own country or region, experts said at the International Summit on Child Protection in Travel and Tourism in Bogota.
Globally, 1.2 million children are estimated to be victims of sex and labour trafficking, according to the International Labour Organisation.
Child sex tourism has been fuelled by cheap travel, the internet and mobile technology such as messaging apps that give predators ways to find vulnerable children and share pornography while staying anonymous, experts said at the conference.
“The monster isn’t the same one known a few years ago. The profile has changed so much that we need to be much more alert,” Sandra Howard, Colombia’s deputy tourism minister.
As tourism grows, so does the risk and vulnerability of children to sexual predators, she said.
“Some offenders are international, but the majority are regional and domestic travellers,” Dorothy Rozga, head of the anti-child trafficking group ECPAT International.
Rather than being convicted paedophiles, those who sexually exploit children are more likely to be opportunists who believe they will get away with the crime, ECPAT said in a 2016 report.
Sex crimes against children are fuelled by a sense of impunity and social tolerance that results in low conviction rates, said Najat Maalla M’jid, who chairs a global task force to end the sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism.
“A growing tolerance has been progressively emerging,” she told the conference.
“During my work, I have visited many countries and what makes me angry is that this is seen as normal,” said M’jid, a former United Nations expert on the sale of children, child prostitution and pornography.
Local residents familiar with sex tourism hotspots – from hotel receptionists to bus and taxi drivers – can help by reporting the crime, said Karen Abudinen, head of Colombia’s child protection agency (ICBF).
People who turn a blind eye to children being sexually exploited are “accomplices”, she said.
In the past two years, the ICBF has helped 662 children, mostly girls, who were victims of commercial sexual exploitation in Colombia, she said.