Exiled Italian king’s remains repatriated after 70 years
The remains of Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III were repatriated from Egypt and interred in a family mausoleum on Sunday, 71 years after Italians rejected the monarchy in a referendum and the country’s royals went into exile.
Draped in a flag with the House of Savoy crest, a coffin bearing the king’s remains was taken to a chapel inside the Sanctuary of Vicoforte, a church in the northwest Piedmont region, which was the royal family’s base.
Victor Emmanuel died in 1947 in Alexandria, Egypt, a year after he abdicated in favour of his son in an unsuccessful attempt to preserve the monarchy. His remains had been kept in Alexandria’s St Catherine’s Cathedral.
Italy’s post-second world war constitution banned male descendants of the royal house from Italian soil because of the family’s earlier support for the Fascist dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. The ban was lifted in 2002.
The remains of Victor Emmanuel’s wife, Queen Elena, were transferred on Friday from Montpellier, France, and were similarly interred in the chapel during a private ceremony, the town of Vicoforte said. Elena died in France in 1959.
Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia, the king and queen’s great-grandson, told Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera he was upset the couple’s remains were not placed at the Pantheon in Rome.
The ancient Roman monument is where Italy’s first two Savoy kings, Victor Emmanuel II and Umberto I, and its first queen, Margherita, are buried.
Di Savoia was quoted on Sunday as saying that members of the House of Savoy, with roots stretching back to the Middle Ages, should not be buried “in just any tomb”, but deserved to be in the Pantheon.
Asked whether the Pantheon as a burial site would not be “anachronistic” given Victor Emmanuel III’s support for fascism, the great-grandson said, “It’s not out of step with the times to hope for respect for kings.”
He spoke to Corriere della Sera from Romania on Saturday, when several European royals attended the state funeral of Romania’s last monarch, King Michael.
Victor Emmanuel, who reigned from 1900-1946, relinquished the throne to son Umberto II in 1946. Umberto II ruled just a few weeks before Italians rejected the monarchy and voted to make the country a republic.