Strings attached: Italy’s next PM may have to deal with two puppet masters
Giuseppe Conte has been backed as premier by the leaders of Italy’s Five Star Movement and the anti-immigrant League – but he may end up more like a mediator between the two
The way things are shaping up in Italy, the next prime minister will have to manage two heavyweight ministers with no power base of his own. And it’ll be his first proper job in politics.
Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio said Monday he is proposed Giuseppe Conte, a 53-year-old law professor from Florence University to lead a coalition government after a deal with his partner Matteo Salvini of the anti-immigrant League. If he eventually gets the job, Conte is going to face constant pressure from the two populists who drew up his policy programme.
A dapper figure who wears three-piece suits, with a handkerchief folded in his breast-pocket, Conte is likely to have both 31-year-old Di Maio and Salvini, 45 around the cabinet table. Di Maio is tipped as a possible minister of labour and economic development, while Salvini could be interior minister.
The new prime minister’s ability to contain those personal and political rivalries will be a concern for President Sergio Mattarella as he considers whether to formalise his nomination for premier. As one senior state official put it: if Conte is at a summit with Germany’s Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron of France, he can’t call Salvini and Di Maio for approval every time he needs to take a position.
“This is uncharted territory,” said Roberto D’Alimonte, a political-science professor at Rome’s Luiss University. “Will Conte be just an executor, implementing a programme decided by others? Or will he be a mediator between Five Star and the League, between the two parties and their European partners?”
Salvini confirmed on Monday that Conte was also the League’s pick for prime minister in a live video on Facebook to his more than two million followers.
“Conte is an expert in simplification, cutting of red tape and streamlining of the administrative machine, which is what many businesses ask of us,” Salvini said.
Mattarella met both Di Maio and Salvini Monday and may announce his decision Tuesday. He expressed concerns to both leaders about state finances and Italians’ savings and reminded them that his role is to direct general government policy and be responsible for it, according to a state official who declined to be named because the talks are private.
If nominated, Conte could face a confidence vote early next week and his first major international commitment would likely be next month’s summit of Group of Seven nations in Canada.
While Five Star and the League are both populists, they have contrasting priorities. Five Star’s electoral stronghold is in the poorer south of Italy and its signature policy would see the state paying out at least 17 billion euros (US$20 billion) for a “citizen’s income.”
The League has a more right-wing constituency concentrated in the industrial north. During the election campaign it labelled Five Star’s plans as state handouts that would discourage people from working. Many Five Star backers see the League’s flat tax measure as favouring the rich.
While Salvini didn’t identify the candidate he’d proposed when he spoke to reporters after his meeting with Mattarella, a party official said that he’d also put forward Conte.
The man who they’ve chosen as a mediator has a reputation for speaking frankly.
“I’ve never voted for you,” he told Di Maio in their first phone conversation in 2013, when the Five Star leader was recruiting him for an agency that handles legal cases involving state officials.
“Professor, that’s not important, what matters is that we want an independent figure,” Di Maio replied, as Conte recalled in a Rome speech in February.
Born in a hilltop village of less than 500 people in the southern Apulia region, Conte has a law degree from Rome’s La Sapienza University and has studied at various other institutions, including a three-month stay at Yale University, and summer research at the Sorbonne University in Paris, according to his curriculum vitae on the website of the lower house. He is both a professor and a practising lawyer, focused on civil and business cases.
At Florence University, a fellow-academic who asked not to be named said Conte is a good listener, who played a key role in finding common ground to resolve law faculty tussles over courses and staffing, often lightening the atmosphere with ironic humour.
Asked during a talk-show on La7 television in February whether he was politically on the right or the left, Conte replied: “My heart traditionally beats on the left.”
Apart from his academic and legal career, Conte serves as the deputy-head of the administrative law agency that Di Maio persuaded him to join. He’s also been on the board of the Italian Space Agency, and was part of the watchdog committee for Rome’s 2020 Olympics bid which was killed off by then-premier Mario Monti because of cost worries.
His name cropped up in Five Star circles again before the election when Di Maio picked him as a potential minister. Conte said at the time he wanted “to make public administration more efficient, and simplify its relations with citizens.”
In his next job, it may be relations between his ministers that demands most attention.
Additional reporting by Agence France-Presse