Top EU rights court says UK’s mass spying violated privacy laws
Court complained there was ‘inadequate independent oversight’ of British government’s ‘Big Brother’ surveillance system
Human rights groups and journalists scored a victory against the British government’s mass electronic surveillance system on Thursday after Europe’s top rights court ruled that the so-called Big Brother programme violated privacy and free speech.
The European Court of Human Rights, based in Strasbourg, eastern France, did not question the existence of the spying programme in itself but said a lack of oversight and safeguards meant it undermined rights to privacy and free expression.
The court gave Britain, which is in the process of altering legislation on an issue publicly exposed by US whistle-blower Edward Snowden, three months to decide whether to request an appeal hearing after Thursday’s ruling.
“While the Court was satisfied that the intelligence services of the United Kingdom take their [European human rights] convention obligations seriously and are not abusing their powers, it found that there was inadequate independent oversight of the selection and search processes involved in the operation,” the court said in a statement.
The violations concerned in particular shortcomings when it came to selecting the internet service providers involved, as well as the search criteria used to filter and select intercepted communications for assessment.
“Furthermore, there were no real safeguards applicable to the selection of related communications data for examination, even though this data could reveal a great deal about a person’s habits and contacts,” the court statement said.
By related communications, the court said it meant the collection of details like who calls who, from where and when – rather than the content of the communications.
The cases are the latest legal challenge to the UK in a long-running spy scandal following revelations by Snowden, a former US National Security Agency contractor, in 2013 that caused global outraged.
Among the more than a dozen groups that took the case to Strasbourg were the London-based Big Brother Watch organisation, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism and former Guardian reporter Alice Ross.
They said Britain’s activities – many of them run from GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters), a vast intelligence gathering centre in Cheltenham – could threaten the privacy of journalists, who may fear their contact lists or the websites they visit are being scrutinised by the government.
Silkie Carlo, director of Big Brother Watch, said the ruling “vindicates Mr Snowden’s courageous whistle-blowing”.
“Under the guise of counterterrorism, the UK has adopted the most authoritarian surveillance regime of any Western state, corroding democracy itself and the rights of the British public,” Carlo said in a statement. “This judgment is a vital step towards protecting millions of law-abiding citizens from unjustified intrusion.”
Corey Stoughton of human rights group Liberty described Thursday’s ruling as “a major victory for those of us who think there ought to be balance in the government’s ability to engage in surveillance.”
The British government’s counsel, James Eadie, said at that time the programmes were necessary in the fight against terrorism.
Associated Press, Reuters