Russia-Ukraine tensions soar after confrontation at sea
- At emergency session of UN Security Council, US warns Russia over ‘outlaw action’
- Martial law declared in Ukraine for 30 days
Kiev and Moscow faced their worst crisis in years on Monday as Ukraine and its Western allies demanded the release of three ships fired on and seized by Russia near Crimea.
Russian forces boarded and captured the ships on Sunday, with Moscow accusing the vessels of illegally entering Russian waters off the coast of Crimea in the Sea of Azov.
Ukraine’s military was on high alert as President Petro Poroshenko accused Moscow of a “new phase of aggression”.
Ukraine’s parliament voted overwhelmingly after a five-hour debate to support Poroshenko’s motion to impose martial law in border regions of the country for 30 days.
Martial law will include a partial mobilisation and strengthening of the country’s air defence. The measures also included vaguely worded steps such as “strengthening” anti-terrorism measures and “information security”.
The incident has raised fears of a wider military escalation. The UN Security Council met in an emergency session, where US Ambassador Nikki Haley warned Russia against “outlaw actions”.
Haley put the blame firmly on Russia for the clash, calling the seizure of the ships an “outrageous violation of sovereign Ukrainian territory” and slamming “yet another reckless Russian escalation”.
But she did not threaten further sanctions, instead calling for a de-escalation of tensions.
Haley said her remarks came after conversations with US President Donald Trump and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and reflected “concerns at the highest level of the American government”.
The US warning comes days ahead of a planned meeting between Trump and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Argentina this week.
The Russian foreign ministry accused Kiev of coordinating with the US and the EU in a “planned provocation” aimed at securing further anti-Moscow sanctions.
The confrontation is a dangerous development in the conflict pitting Ukraine against Moscow and Russian-backed rebels in the east of the country. More than 10,000 people have been killed since the Moscow-backed insurgency broke out in April 2014 after Russia’s annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.
The United States and EU have already imposed sanctions on Russia over the conflict and on Monday European capitals rallied behind Kiev.
Ukraine’s Western allies accused Russia of using force without justification in the naval confrontation, while Kiev urged its partners to impose further sanctions on Moscow.
“These were planned acts of aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine,” Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin told reporters in Kiev.
“We will demand (at the Security Council) the immediate release of our sailors and the liberation of our ships.”
In a televised address to the nation, Poroshenko accused Russia of taking the two countries’ long-running conflict to another level.
“(Russia) entered a new phase of aggression,” Poroshenko said, adding that the incident showed “the arrogant and open participation of regular units of Russian troops” after Moscow always insisted its forces were not directly involved in Ukraine.
Moscow blamed Kiev for the incident, with Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saying: “The Russian side acted strictly within both domestic and international law.”
Russia accused Ukraine of provoking the attack by violating Russia’s borders and demanded their sovereignty be respected.
Volodymyr Yelchenko told the Security Council that Russia’s claim that Ukrainian ships violated Russia’s borders “is an outright lie”.
Nato chief Jens Stoltenberg on Monday demanded Russia free the Ukrainian ships and sailors.
Stoltenberg held phone talks with Poroshenko before officials from the two sides held emergency talks at alliance headquarters in Brussels.
“There is no justification for the use of military force against Ukrainian ships and naval personnel, so we call on Russia to release immediately the Ukrainian sailors and ships it seized yesterday,” Stoltenberg told reporters after the meeting of the Nato-Ukraine Commission.
Stoltenberg says Poroshenko assured him that martial law would not have a negative impact on next year’s presidential election.
The crisis unfolded as two small Ukrainian warships and a tugboat were heading through the Kerch Strait, a waterway that gives access to the Sea of Azov from the Black Sea and is used by both Ukraine and Russia.
Ukraine said a Russian border guard vessel rammed the tugboat and then fired on the ships, immobilising all three. It said the Kerch Strait was blocked by a tanker and that Russian military aircraft were flying over the area.
Russia’s FSB security service, which oversees border forces, confirmed that weapons had been fired and the vessels seized, accusing the Ukrainian ships of “violating the Russian border”.
Ukraine’s interior minister released a video on Twitter apparently from aboard one of the Russian ships, showing the tugboat being chased down and the collision, interspersed with commands and swearing in Russian.
Russian television networks showed a similar video, but with the voices removed and without the moment of collision.
МВС України спецзасобами отримало доступ до відео провокації -тарана російського прикордонного корабля "Дон" українського судна. Перехоплене відео знято російськими, чутні команди - це піде доказом в міжнародний суд!
Агресія! Гуртуемось та очікуємо реакції дружніх країн! pic.twitter.com/f0e9hFB1BT
— Arsen Avakov (@AvakovArsen) November 25, 2018
Ukraine said six of its servicemen were injured in the incident, two seriously. The FSB said only three had suffered non-life-threatening injuries and were given medical treatment.
Russian officials said 24 Ukrainian servicemen had been detained and Peskov said a criminal investigation had been opened.
“I condemn Russian use of force in Azov Sea. Russian authorities must return Ukrainian sailors, vessels & refrain from further provocations,” EU President Donald Tusk tweeted.
I condemn Russian use of force in Azov Sea. Russian authorities must return Ukrainian sailors, vessels & refrain from further provocations.
I discussed situation with Pres. @poroshenko and will meet his representatives later today.
Europe will stay united in support of Ukraine.
— Donald Tusk (@eucopresident) November 26, 2018
France also called on Russia to release the sailors and ships, with the foreign ministry saying “nothing appears to justify the use of force” by Russia.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said any Russian “blockade” of the Sea of Azov was “unacceptable” and proposed French-German mediation to resolve the crisis.
Tensions have been building over the Kerch Strait, where Russia has built a new bridge that gives it a land connection to Crimea, annexed by Moscow in 2014.
Kiev has accused Moscow of blocking access for Ukrainian ships though the strait, the only way in and out of the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea.
In recent months both sides had deployed more naval and border vessels to the area.
“The incident marks a significant escalation of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine,” research firm Eurasia Group said.
“Western governments will side with Ukraine against Russia over the incident … making new sanctions against Russia likely.”
Protesters gathered in several Ukrainian cities to denounce Russia’s actions, with several hundred far-right activists marching to parliament in Kiev and setting off flares.