Ukraine war
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Russia’s war in Ukraine has caused global prices for grains, cooking oils, fuel and fertiliser to soar. Photo: Reuters

UN chief says war in Ukraine is driving world hunger

  • War in Ukraine and sanctions on Russia have disrupted supplies of fertiliser, wheat and other commodities from both countries
  • UN chief says the number of severely food insecure people globally has doubled from 135 million to 276 million in two years
Ukraine war

With global hunger levels at a new high, the United Nations chief said he was in “intense contacts” with Russia and other key countries hoping for an agreement to allow the export of grain stored in Ukrainian ports and ensure Russian food and fertiliser have unrestricted access to global markets.

But Secretary General Antonio Guterres told a ministerial meeting on the escalating food security crisis, which has been exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, that “there is still a long way to go”.

“The complex security, economic and financial implications require goodwill on all sides for a package deal to be reached,” he said. “I will not go into details because public statements could undermine the chances of success.”

Guterres said global hunger levels “are at a new high”, with the number of people facing severe food insecurity doubling in just two years from 135 million before the pandemic to 276 million today. He said more than 500,000 people are living in famine conditions – an increase of more than 500 per cent since 2016.

He said Ukraine and Russia together produce almost a third of the world’s wheat and barley and half of its sunflower oil, while Russia and its ally Belarus are the world’s number two and three producers of potash, a key ingredient of fertiliser.

“There is no effective solution to the food crisis without reintegrating Ukraine’s food production, as well as the food and fertiliser produced by Russia and Belarus, into world markets, despite the war,” he said.

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The secretary general said Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 24 was “amplifying and accelerating” the drivers of food insecurity and global hunger – climate change, Covid-19 and inequality.


The conflict has closed Ukraine’s Black Sea ports, halting food exports to many developing countries, Guterres said that during his recent visit to Africa’s Sahel region, he met families who didn’t know where their next meal was coming from.

David Beasley, head of the UN World Food Program, warned that “failure to open the ports will be a declaration of war on global food security, resulting in famine and destabilisation of nations as well as mass migration by necessity”.

“This is not just about Ukraine,” he said. “This is about the poorest of the poor around the world who are on the brink of starvation as we speak. So I ask (Russian) President (Vladimir) Putin, if you have any heart at all, to please open these ports … so that we can feed the poorest of the poor and avert famine, as we’ve done in the past, when nations in this room have stepped up together.”

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. Photo: EPA-EFTE

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who chaired the meeting called by the United States, said the world is facing “the greatest global food security crisis of our time”.

Blinken said that between 2016 and 2021, the number of people living in acute food insecurity – where their inability to eat adequate food puts their lives or livelihoods “in immediate danger” – skyrocketed from 108 million to 161 million.

Ukraine calls for moves to unblock ports and prevent global food crisis

America’s top diplomat urged countries make significant new contributions for humanitarian organisations and agencies battling food insecurity, and he called on countries with significant grain and fertiliser reserves to also come forward quickly.


“There are an estimated 22 million tonnes of grain sitting in silos in Ukraine right now, food that could immediately go toward helping those in need if it can simply get out of the country,” Blinken said.

Additional reporting by Agence France-Presse