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Afghanistan

Afghanistan in shock after death of powerful police commander as questions surround US-Taliban talks

• Officials warned of attacks before Saturday’s election, which has now been delayed a week in Kandahar province

• US Defence Secretary James Mattis says US is committed to mission in war-torn nation

PUBLISHED : Friday, 19 October, 2018, 1:55pm
UPDATED : Friday, 19 October, 2018, 9:49pm

The assassination of a powerful police commander has left Afghanistan reeling ahead of parliamentary elections on Saturday and raised questions over talks begun recently between the Taliban and US officials.

Authorities postponed the elections in Kandahar province by one week, a spokesman for President Ashraf Ghani said on Friday. The Independent Election Commission would announce the new date, he said.

US Defence Secretary James Mattis said it was too soon to say if the death of General Abdul Razeq, the police commander in southern Kandahar, would hurt voter turnout, but added that the US military’s mission was unaltered.

“We need to find who’s done this,” Mattis told reporters travelling with him in Singapore. “But right now, we are going toward the election and we will continue to defend the Afghan people.”

Razeq, a survivor of numerous previous attacks, was killed outside the governor’s office in the southern province on Thursday, when a bodyguard opened fire on a group of officials as they left a meeting.

General Scott Miller, the commander of US and Nato forces in Afghanistan, was also there but survived uninjured, although a regional intelligence agency commander was killed and the provincial governor severely wounded.

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Thursday’s attack underlined how precarious the situation remains in Afghanistan since the US-led invasion more than 17 years ago and even after Taliban and American officials have opened preliminary contacts to find a basis for future peace talks.

It was unclear if the attack would affect the process, following a meeting last week of Taliban officials and the US special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, but complicates an already difficult situation.

“You’re going to start asking questions about, ‘Well, how trustworthy are they [the Taliban]? What influence do they really have?’” said one recently retired defence department official. “And you know the bottom-line question is, ‘Why are we still dealing with them?’ or ‘Should we deal with them?’”

Mattis said he had not yet spoken to Miller and could not confirm the Taliban’s claim of responsibility but believed the attack would not affect Miller’s security arrangements or US military movements in Afghanistan.

Security officials in Afghanistan had warned of attacks before the election, but Razeq’s death triggered deep shock that officials fear may deter voters, particularly after Taliban warnings not to participate in what the militants consider a foreign-imposed ballot.

Mattis was cautious about whether the attack could hitt turnout but said the US aim of finding a negotiated, Afghan-led political solution to the conflict was unchanged.

“We remain absolutely committed to an Afghan-led Afghan reconciliation,” he said.

Security was stepped up in Kandahar, with buildings around the governor’s office sealed off ahead of Friday’s expected arrival of a team of investigators from Kabul, the capital.

A disarmingly youthful-looking figure, with a toothy smile belying a fearsome reputation, the 39-year-old Razeq was by far the most powerful commander in the strategically vital provinces of southern Afghanistan.

Miller, who knew Razeq well from his previous tours of duty in Afghanistan, issued a statement saluting a “great friend”.

“Afghanistan lost a patriot,” he said on social network Twitter. “The good he did for Afghanistan and the Afghan people cannot be undone.”

Last year the United Nations Committee against Torture cited “numerous and credible allegations” that Razeq was complicit in severe human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings and secret detention centres.

But he enjoyed popular support in Kandahar and the surrounding provinces and was adept at navigating the region’s complex tribal politics. He was also highly respected by US officers who saw his ruthless methods as the most effective weapon against the Taliban.

“Razeq was, kind of, the embodiment of security, not just in Kandahar. It is Uruzgan, it’s Zabul province,” said the retired defence department official. “He had a lot of sway over other senior officials and certainly in the police.”