Iran’s president dismisses criticism as protests over women’s rights turn deadly
- Iran’s Ebrahim Raisi spoke for the first time from the podium at the United Nations in his role as president
- He denounced Western double standards on human rights, and said Iran was ready for new nuclear deal
As street protests in Iran turned increasingly deadly, President Ebrahim Raisi on accused the West of maintaining a double standard on human rights.
Speaking at the United Nations General Assembly, Raisi attempted to deflect international outrage over the death last week of a 22-year-old woman in the custody of Iran’s so-called morality police. They reportedly arrested her for failing to completely cover her hair.
Raisi also used the speech to insist that Iran was eager to revive the moribund nuclear deal aimed at preventing the country from developing a bomb, but questioned whether the US could be a trusted partner in any accord.
It was a rare appearance in the West by Raisi, a hardliner who became Iran’s president about a year ago.
“Human rights belongs to all, but unfortunately it is trampled upon by many governments,” Raisi said. He cited the suffering of stateless Palestinians and the detention of migrant children in the US, separating them from their families.
The Iranian government has maintained that Mahsa Amini, an Iranian Kurd, died of a heart attack after she was detained and sent to a “reeducation centre” for instruction on proper attire.
Iran forces all women to wear headscarves that cover their hair as well as other clothing considered to be modest.
Amini’s family insists she was healthy and had no heart condition. The government has ordered an investigation.
Her death touched off protests in numerous Iranian cities, some involving women torching their scarves.
“Seventeen people, including demonstrators and policemen, have lost their lives in the events of the past few days,” state television reported on Thursday without giving a breakdown.
A member of an Iranian pro-government paramilitary organisation, the Basij, was stabbed to death in the northeastern city of Mashhad on Wednesday, two semi-official Iranian news agencies reported on Thursday.
The Tasnim and Fars news agencies reports of the stabbing appeared on Telegram as both their websites were out of reach. There was no official confirmation of the death.
Tasnim also said another member of the Basij was killed on Wednesday in the city of Qazvin as a result of a gunshot wound inflicted by “rioters and gangs”, bringing the total reported number of security force members killed in the unrest to four.
“Iran’s security forces will continue to feel emboldened to kill or injure protesters and prisoners, including women arrested for defying abusive compulsory veiling laws, if they are not held accountable,” Diana Eltahawy, Middle East deputy director for Amnesty International, said in a statement. She also demanded an independent investigation and criticised Raisi being given a world stage amid what she called Iran’s abuses.
The United States placed the morality police on its sanctions blacklist on Thursday following Amini’s death. The US Treasury announced the sanctions “for abuse and violence against Iranian women and the violation of the rights of peaceful Iranian protestors.”
In other comments, Raisi said his government had a “great and serious will” to return to the 2015 nuclear deal, a landmark international accord brokered by the Obama administration and six other countries. It substantially reduced Iran’s atomic energy programme and was designed to prevent the country from developing a bomb.
But then-President Donald Trump walked out of the deal in 2018, saying it didn’t go far enough in restricting Iran. Tehran resumed enrichment of uranium, a key component in nuclear weapons. With the election of Joe Biden, the US entered indirect negotiations with Iran through European signatories to the deal in an effort to revive it.
Those talks have been repeatedly stalled by demands from both sides. Iran seeks relief from economic sanctions that the US imposed and that have crippled its economy.
“We have before us the experience of America’s withdrawal” from the deal, Raisi said. “With that experience and this perspective, can we ignore the important issue of guarantees for a durable agreement?”
“We only wish one thing: observance of commitments,” Raisi said.
Biden, who also addressed the General Assembly on Wednesday, said the US also wanted to re-enter the deal.
But he said Iran had to meet its obligations, which include allowing the UN watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency to conduct extensive inspections of Iran’s nuclear facilities.
While also part of the 2015 deal, Tehran has recently attempted to keep inspectors away from some of its installations.
“The United States is clear: we will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon,” said Biden, who also offered support for the demonstrators in Iran who he said are seeking “to secure their basic rights”.
Additional reporting by Reuters, Agence France-Presse