Russian town put on ‘high alert’ over landfill gases as residents wear masks to protect themselves from noxious fumes
Russia declared a “high alert” on Friday in a town where noxious fumes have leaked from a landfill site, with authorities distributing masks and respirators to residents who have held repeated protests.
The Kremlin said it was closely watching the situation in Volokolamsk, a town of around 20,000 people about 120 kilometres (75 miles) west of Moscow.
Residents have long demanded the closure of an ageing landfill site that emits a noxious sulphurous smell, in a rare case of coordinated grass-roots civil action.
Last week, doctors treated dozens of children who complained of dizziness and nausea because of fumes from the Yadrovo landfill site near the town.
A spokesman for the regional emergencies ministry said that “a state of high alert” had been imposed in the town and that monitoring of the environment “will be stepped up” with the “non-stop” testing of air quality.
Local authorities had also begun distributing medical masks and respirators to those who needed them, he said.
“We are in constant touch with the regional authorities and the government over this,” Russian President Vladimir Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, told reporters.
“Everyone understands that this is a complicated problem, that it cannot be solved overnight.”
The emergencies ministry said that there was no need to evacuate residents and that on Friday air pollution did not exceed permissible limits.
Officials promised to stop up the landfill by the end of the month and to install a decontamination system in June, until a new facility is eventually built.
Thousands of Volokolamsk residents on Thursday held a rally demanding that the authorities formally declare a state of emergency, which they have not so far done.
Another rally is planned for Sunday.
Demonstrations demanding the closure of landfill sites have also been held in several other cities in the Moscow region.
In Kolomna, a pretty, historic city of some 140,000 inhabitants about 100 kilometres (60 miles) southeast of Moscow, more than 100 protesters last week tried to block a road used by lorries taking rubbish to a landfill site.
Police briefly detained some 30 participants on Wednesday and charged three with breaches of the peace and disobeying law enforcement forces, according to the OVD-Info rights group, which specialises in monitoring detentions of political activists.
“We’re treated like second-class citizens,” an angry protester told a local official in video footage posted online. “Why are we (treated) worse than others? Why are we (treated) worse than Muscovites?”
In other cities close to the Russian capital such as Klin, northeast of Moscow, locals have also expressed concerns over the state of landfill sites.
The growing public discontent throughout Russia has forced the authorities to acknowledge problems, including the lack of an adequately funded and equipped service to monitor air quality around the country.
Russia sends almost all its rubbish to landfills and residents have no obligation to recycle household waste, creating a growing problem despite the country’s vast territory.