US President Joe Biden announced a fresh infusion of US$1 billion in weapons for Ukraine that includes anti-ship missile systems, artillery rockets, howitzers and ammunition. In a phone call with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky, Biden said he told the embattled leader about the new weaponry. “I informed President Zelensky that the United States is providing another US$1 billion in security assistance for Ukraine, including additional artillery and coastal defence weapons, as well as ammunition for the artillery and advanced rocket systems,” Biden said in a statement after the 41-minute call. The president on Wednesday also announced an additional US$225 million in humanitarian aid to help people in Ukraine, including by supplying safe drinking water, critical medical supplies and healthcare, food, shelter, and cash for families to purchase essential items. The latest weapons packages for Ukraine include 18 howitzers, 36,000 rounds of ammunition for them, two Harpoon coastal defence systems, artillery rockets, secure radios, thousands of night vision devices and funding for training, the Pentagon said. The aid packages, which come as US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin was meeting allies in Brussels, were split into two categories: transfer of excess defence articles from US stocks and other weapons being funded by the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (USAI), a separate congressionally authorised programme. Ukraine parades new French Caesar howitzer Russia’s UN ambassador Vassily Nebenzia on Wednesday accused Western countries of “fighting a proxy war with Russia”, telling reporters: “I would like to say to the Western countries supplying weaponry to Ukraine – the blood of civilians is on your hands”. Ukraine is pressing the United States and other Western nations for speedy deliveries of weapons in the face of increased pressure from Russian forces in the eastern Donbas region. Oleksandra Ustinova, a member of the Ukrainian parliament, told reporters at an event organised by the German Marshall Fund: “We need all these weapons to be concentrated in a moment to defeat the Russians, not just keep coming every two or three weeks”. In May, the Biden administration announced a plan to give Ukraine M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems after receiving assurances from Kyiv that it would not use them to hit targets inside Russian territory. Biden imposed the condition to try to avoid escalating the Ukraine war. The rocket artillery in this aid package would have the same range as previous US rocket shipments and is funded using Presidential Drawdown Authority, or PDA, in which the president can authorise the transfer of articles and services from US stocks without congressional approval in response to an emergency, said a source who spoke on condition of anonymity. For the first time, the United States is sending ground-based Harpoon launchers. In May, Reuters reported the US was working on potential solutions that included pulling a launcher off of a US ship to help provide Harpoon missile launch capability to Ukraine. Harpoons made by Boeing Co cost about US$1.5 million per missile, according to experts and industry executives.