Do US colleges discriminate against Asians and whites? Justice Department to investigate
Government lawyers are looking into complaint by Asian-American groups that race-based admissions policies are biased
Civil rights groups slammed the Trump administration on Wednesday over a US Justice Department plan to probe whether colleges’ racial-preference admissions programs discriminate against white and Asian-American applicants.
First reported by The New York Times, the proposal has met resistance among career lawyers within the department, which has mounted an effort to find volunteers to staff the investigation, said a source familiar with an internal announcement.
A Justice Department spokeswoman said news reports about the plan were “inaccurate.” The department had not issued any “directive, memorandum, initiative, or policy related to university admissions in general,” spokeswoman Sarah Isgur Flores said in a statement.
She said the department was seeking lawyers to investigate a complaint, filed by a coalition of 64 Asian-American associations in 2015, that alleges racial discrimination against Asian-American students in a university’s admissions.
A copy of a Justice Department memo says prospective attorneys would work on “investigations and possible litigation related to intentional race-based discrimination in college and university admissions.” It makes no mention of the 2015 complaint.
Affirmative action programs in higher education were meant to address America’s historic racial discrimination problem. The Supreme Court has ruled that universities may use affirmative action in admissions policies with the aim of helping minority applicants get into college.
US conservatives have said that in helping black and Latino applicants, affirmative action can hurt white people and Asian-Americans by putting them at a disadvantage.
In 2016, the Supreme Court upheld a racial preference system at the University of Texas at Austin, rejecting a discrimination claim brought by a white women, Abigail Fisher, who was denied entry to the university in 2008. There are pending lawsuits against Harvard University and the University of North Carolina.
“The idea that the Justice Department would sue colleges over their inclusive policies is an affront to fairness and sends a dangerous signal that it will no longer work to protect the most vulnerable,” said Dennis Parker, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Racial Justice Program.
“It would mark an alarming shift in direction that threatens the hard-fought progress made by civil rights advocates and the department itself over the past decades,” he added.
Sherrilyn Ifill, president of the NAACP Legal Defence and Educational Fund, said allocating resources to investigate college admission programs would be a waste of taxpayers’ money.
According to the US Census Bureau, 61 per cent of the 323 million people who live in the United States identify as non-Hispanic white. Eight of the 50 US states ban affirmative action in public universities.
Several major US universities said they would be carefully watching any administration moves on the issue.
“We will closely review any DOJ policies as they are released,” said J.B. Bird, a spokesman for the University of Texas at Austin, which on Monday was sued again over its admissions policies.