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Drugs

Two Chinese nationals ‘made tonnes of fentanyl, sold it by mail in Canada and US’, indictment alleges

Yan Xiaobang and Zhang Jian are said by US prosecutors to have run one of the world’s most prolific drug-running operations - but without an extradition treaty, the China-based pair may never face justice alongside their Canadian and US co-accused

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 18 October, 2017, 9:09am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 18 October, 2017, 8:39pm

Two Chinese nationals have been indicted on charges they manufactured tonnes of fentanyl and other powerful narcotics that were then peddled in the United States and Canada, killing at least four people and seriously injuring five others, Justice Department officials announced Tuesday.

Authorities said the men controlled one of the most prolific international drug-trafficking organisations, but with no extradition treaty with China, the chances are slim they will ever be brought to the US to face the charges.

The men, who are not in custody, are accused of separately running chemical labs in China that produced the drug and other illegal opioids for sale online to Americans and Canadians who were often unaware of its potency and susceptible to overdose. At least 21 other people were also indicted on charges they trafficked the drugs across North America, often through the mail.

The announcement comes as the Trump administration suffered a setback in its efforts to call attention to the nation’s drug crisis. Its nominee to be the nation’s drug tsar withdrew Tuesday from consideration following reports that he played a key role in weakening the federal government’s authority to stop companies from distributing opioids.

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It also comes amid growing pressure on US President Donald Trump to fulfil his pledge to declare the nation’s opioid epidemic a “national emergency,” as a commission he’s convened on the subject has urged him to do. An initial report from the commission in July noted that the approximate 142 deaths each day from drug overdoses mean the death toll is “equal to September 11th every three weeks.”

A sign of White House interest in the issue, presidential counsellor Kellyanne Conway quietly attended Tuesday’s news conference at the Justice Department.

Robert W. Patterson, acting administrator of the US Drug Enforcement Administration, said the Chinese case represents “one of the most significant drug threats facing the country” because they were able to produce a wide array of synthetic drugs and hide their tracks with Web-based sales, international shipments and digital currencies like bitcoin.

The Chinese men indicted were Yan Xiaobang, 40, and Zhang Jian, 38, who worked separately but similarly, authorities said.

Yan, who operated at least two chemical plants in China that were capable of producing tonnes of fentanyl, would monitor drug legislation and law enforcement actions in the US, changing the chemical structure of his drugs to avoid prosecution, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein said. A 2013 traffic stop in Mississippi unearthed a domestic US drug ring linked to Yan.

Zhang, along with five Canadians, two people from Florida and New Jersey man, were indicted in North Dakota for conspiracy to import the drugs from Canada and China. Prosecutors say Zhang ran at least four labs and sold the drug to American customers online. Investigators became aware of him after police officers responded to a deadly overdose in Grand Forks, North Dakota and traced the supply chain, officials said.

Rosenstein, who discussed the problem with Chinese officials last week during a high-level dialogue on law enforcement and cybersecurity, would not say whether the labs have been shut down. He said he was hopeful Chinese authorities would hold the men accountable.

Federal authorities are increasingly warning of the dangers of fentanyl, which can be lethal even in small amounts and is often laced with other dangerous drugs. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that more than 20,000 Americans were killed by the drug and its analogues in 2016, and the number is rising, Rosenstein said.