Donald Trump

US Congress to weight fate of 1.8m young immigrants against tough new limits on immigration laws

Republican senators have a new bill that would give the young immigrants citizenship - in exchange for limiting future immigration

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 13 February, 2018, 12:22am
UPDATED : Tuesday, 13 February, 2018, 1:45am

The hopes for citizenship of 1.8 million illegal immigrants who came to the United States as children hangs in the balance on Monday as Congress starts debate on sweeping new immigration legislation.

President Donald Trump has offered more than Democrats asked on citizenship for the so-called Dreamers, but only in exchange for tough cutbacks on overall immigration and funding for a massive wall on the Mexican border.

A group of conservative senators are to introduce a bill on Monday that closely follows Trump’s January proposals. 

The Secure and Succeed Act offers a 10-12 year path to citizenship for the 1.8 million Dreamers.

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But it will also end the popular “Green Card lottery”, a 28-year-old programme to diversify immigrant arrivals, and sharply limit family-based immigration.

In addition, it will allocate US$25 billion for tougher immigration enforcement including the construction of a wall along the US-Mexico border that Trump promised during his 2016 election campaign.

“This is the only bill that has a chance of becoming law, and that’s because it’s the only bill that will truly solve the underlying problem,” said Senator Tom Cotton, a lead sponsor of the bill.

“This bill is generous, humane, and responsible, and now we should send it to the president’s desk.”

A clock is ticking: nearly 700,000 of the Dreamers, those registered under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) programme, could begin losing protections from expulsion early next month.

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The program’s March 5 expiration date is not set in concrete, however – a San Francisco judge’s injunction has at least temporarily blocked removal of DACA protections ordered by Trump late last year. 

Democrats and some Republicans have opposed Trump’s hardline stance, especially on its restricting family-based immigration to spouses and children, and on massive funding for the border wall.

But by expanding that to all 1.8 million DACA-registered or DACA-eligible young immigrants, and attaching it to other reforms, Trump has put the Democrats in a corner.

They originally pushed only for a permanent solution for the 690,000 DACA registrants, in separate legislation.

But Trump is adamant that overall immigration cutbacks be part of any deal.

The president has blamed domestic terror attacks and violent crime on the beneficiaries of the visa lottery and family-based “chain migration.”

“We need a 21st century MERIT-BASED immigration system. Chain migration and the visa lottery are outdated programmes that hurt our economic and national security,” he said on Twitter last week.