US imposes sanctions against Russian companies that transferred petroleum products to North Korean vessels
The Trump administration also blacklisted Russian companies and individuals suspected of trying to circumvent US sanctions imposed in June in response to cyberattacks
The Trump administration added to its growing list of sanctions against Russia on Tuesday by blacklisting two companies and two individuals suspected of trying to circumvent US sanctions imposed in June in response to cyberattacks.
It also imposed sanctions against two Russian shipping companies suspected of transferring petroleum products to North Korean vessels in violation of UN Security Council resolutions.
The US Treasury targeted Primorye Maritime Logistics Co and Gudzon Shipping Co, based in the city of Vladivostok, and six of their vessels. The department said that earlier this year, one vessel linked to the Russian companies transferred 3,500 tons of oil to ships flying the North Korea flag.
The announcement of the actions came as US lawmakers urged tighter economic restrictions on Moscow and Britain’s top diplomat accused Russia’s leader of pursuing policies that are making the world more dangerous.
While US President Donald Trump has sought closer ties with Russian President Vladimir Putin, his administration has intensified economic pressure on Moscow over what it describes as “malign Russian activity” in Ukraine and Syria and Russia’s attempts to disrupt Western democracies.
Senior officials from the State and Treasury departments told two Senate hearings on Tuesday that since January 2017, 217 Russian businesspeople, officials and private and state-run companies, including 14 banks and 20 energy firms, have been sanctioned.
In addition, they recalled that the administration had expelled 60 Russian spies and closed Russia’s consulates in San Francisco and Seattle.
Marshall Billingslea, the US Treasury Department’s top terrorist financing official, acknowledged that the threat from Russia was “significant and continuing” but told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that without the sanctions “their behaviour would be even further off the charts”.
He and the State Department’s top diplomat for Europe, Wess Mitchell, said Russia is feeling the impact, costing its economy tens of billions of US dollars, with companies under sanctions losing a quarter of their operating revenue and having to shed employees.
But the officials faced questions from sceptical lawmakers about the administration’s policy toward Russia, particularly since Trump has sent conflicting messages about it.
The committee’s chairman, Tennessee Senator Bob Corker, a Republican, called Trump’s comments “undisciplined”. Democratic Connecticut Senator Chris Murphy said it appeared to him as though the administration were pursuing two different policies: one of the president’s and one of federal national security agencies.
Mitchell denied that, saying: “This is the president’s administration, this is his foreign policy.” Although Trump himself has repeatedly cast doubt on Russia’s culpability in 2016 election meddling, Mitchell and Billingslea both pointed to the Kremlin and Putin as the source.
“Putin wants to break apart the American republic, not by influencing an election or two, but by systematically inflaming the perceived fault-lines that exist within our society,” Mitchell said. “His is a strategy of chaos for strategic effect.”
Treasury’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, Sigal Mandelker, faced similar scepticism in a hearing before the Senate Banking Committee.
“It seems to many of us that our efforts are not effective enough,” Republican South Carolina Senator Tim Scott told her. “There’s so little we can show for our efforts.”
“I’m not convinced Treasury is doing everything possible to hold Putin accountable,” said Democratic Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts. “It’s not hard to see why Putin thinks he can interfere in our elections and get away with it.”
Russia denies accusations of election meddling, but suspicions of interference deepened on Tuesday when Microsoft said it had uncovered new Russian hacking efforts targeting US political groups before November’s midterm elections.
Microsoft said a group tied to the Russian government created fake websites that appeared to spoof two American conservative organisations: the Hudson Institute and the International Republican Institute. Three other fake sites were designed to look as if they belonged to the US Senate.
Russian officials dismissed the company’s claims as unfounded. Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the latest US sanctions were based on “malicious insinuations” and a “hardheaded, narrow-minded and aggressive approach by the US”.
Meanwhile, Britain’s foreign secretary, Jeremy Hunt, called on the European Union to ensure that its sanctions against Russia were comprehensive, in response to accusations Moscow poisoned a former Russian spy in Britain, using a nerve agent. He said the EU and United States should respond to Russia with “one voice”.
“Of course we must engage with Moscow, but we must also be blunt,” Hunt said in a speech in Washington. “Russia’s foreign policy under President Putin has made the world a more dangerous place.”