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World War II veteran Lawrence Brooks has died aged 112. Photo: AP Photo

Oldest US veteran dies aged 112, survived near-death experiences in WWII

  • Lawrence Brooks, one of 15 children from an African-American family who grew up in the midst of segregation, was described as ‘a gentle spirit that inspired those around him’
  • New Orleans museum celebrated his birthday every year with military honours and jazz bands; the last two years in front of his house due to the pandemic

The United States’ oldest living veteran, Lawrence Brooks, died Wednesday at the age of 112, the World War II Museum in New Orleans announced.

The National WWII Museum “will forever cherish the memories we shared with Lawrence Brooks,” its president Stephen Watson said in a statement. “He was a beloved friend, a man of great faith and had a gentle spirit that inspired those around him.”

Brooks was the oldest of the around 240,000 US veterans who fought in World War II who remain alive. Born on September 12, 1909, in a small Louisiana town in the midst of segregation, Brooks was one of 15 children in an African-American family. He was drafted into the army in 1940, where he joined the 91st Engineer Battalion, a majority-Black unit.

World War II veteran Lawrence Brooks died at the age of 112. Photo: AP

He was stationed in Australia, New Guinea and the Philippines. During his deployments, he served as a cook for the battalion’s white officers. Although far from the front lines, he still had two near-death experiences: once when the plane in which he was transporting supplies ran out of fuel over the ocean, and another time when a Japanese sniper shot a US soldier just gardens from where Brooks stood.

Demobilised in 1945, Brooks did not benefit from the GI Bill, which allows veterans to study at university free of charge, because Black veterans were excluded from the policy. Instead, he became a public works labourer.

Battle of Hong Kong frontline volunteer lived to tell his stories

He later recounted his wartime memories to the New Orleans museum, where he became a fixture. Every year, he celebrated his birthday there, complete with military honours and jazz bands. The last two years, due to the pandemic, processions had been organised in front of his house.


In his videotaped testimonies, Brooks said he was surprised by the lack of racial segregation in Australia when it was still present in the US army. Black soldiers were not allowed to share a tent or eat at the same table as their white comrades-in-arms.

“I was treated so much better in Australia than I was by my own white people,” Brooks said. “I wondered about that.”