Apartment blocks drive US homebuilding surge in June
Jobs growth and economic rebound increase numbers of buyers and renters searching for homes, giving sluggish construction sector a boost
US builders broke ground on apartment complexes last month at the fastest pace in nearly 28 years, as developers anticipate that recent jobs gains will launch a wave of renters.
The Department of Commerce said housing starts climbed 9.8 per cent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.17 million homes. All of that growth came from a 28.6 per cent surge in multifamily housing that put apartment construction at its highest rate since November 1987.
Starts for single-family houses slipped 0.9 per cent.
The gains show that what had been a sluggish construction sector is now running on economic adrenaline. Strong job growth and a rebounding economy have increased the numbers of buyers and renters searching for homes, while gradually rising mortgage rates have spurred homeowners to finalise deals.
"The residential market recovery is here, and it is strong and sustainable," said Peter Ciganik, the managing director at real estate investor GTIS Partners.
Housing starts jumped 35.3 per cent in the northeast because of apartments, while climbing 13.5 per cent in the South. Home construction slumped in the Midwest and West.
Nationwide, housing starts have risen 10.9 per cent in the year to date.
Over the past 12 months, employers have added 2.9 million jobs, meaning that there are that many more people with pay cheques to spend across the broader economy. The impact of those job gains and the unemployment rate dropping to 5.3 per cent has surfaced in housing, where demand is outpacing the supply of homes and creating more pressure to build houses and apartments.
The market for new homes for sale had just 4.5 months of supply in May, compared with six months in a healthy market.
But the financial distress has also left more Americans renting instead of owning, creating more need for apartments. The share of Americans owning homes has fallen so far this year to a seasonally adjusted 63.8 per cent, the lowest level since 1989.
Approved building permits rose 7.4 per cent to an annual rate of 1.34 million last month, the highest level since July 2007. The bulk of that increase came for apartment complexes, while permits for houses last month rose just 0.9 per cent.
There are other signs that builders are increasingly optimistic.
The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo builder sentiment index released last week climbed to 60 this month, a level last reached in November 2005 - shortly before the housing boom gave way to the mortgage crisis that triggered the recession. Readings above 50 indicate more builders view sales conditions as good rather than poor.
Mortgage rates have started to rise, although they remain low by historical standards. The average 30-year, fixed mortgage rate was 4.09 per cent last week, according to the mortgage firm Freddie Mac. That is up from a 52-week low of 3.59 per cent.