Get more with myNEWS
A personalised news feed of stories that matter to you
Learn more
Microsoft CEO Satya Narayana Nadella, pictured here on February 27, 2019, is credited with turning the company around with a renewed focus on cloud, mobile computing and artificial intelligence. Photo: AFP

Microsoft joins Apple with US$2 trillion valuation on back of cloud computing growth

  • Microsoft is the second US public company to reach US$2 trillion in market value, after Apple, amid growth in machine learning and cloud computing
  • The Windows maker has seen its value jump 19 per cent this year so far, outperforming Apple and
Microsoft Corp took its place in the history books as just the second US public company to reach a US$2 trillion market value, buoyed by bets its dominance in cloud computing and enterprise software will expand further in a post-coronavirus world.
Its shares rose as much as 1.2 per cent in New York on Tuesday, enough for the software company to briefly join Apple Inc as one of only two companies trading at such a lofty value before closing pennies short of the mark at US$265.51. Saudi Aramco eclipsed that threshold briefly in December 2019, but currently has a market value of about US$1.9 trillion.

Since taking the reins in 2014, chief executive officer Satya Nadella has reshaped the Redmond, Washington-based company into the largest seller of cloud-computing software, counting both its infrastructure and Office application cloud units. Microsoft is also the only one of the biggest US technology companies that has so far evaded the recent wave of scrutiny from increasingly active American antitrust regulators, giving it a freer hand in both acquisitions and product expansion.

Employees assist customers at a Microsoft store in Bellevue, Washington, on January 26, 2017. Microsoft's cloud infrastructure and Office apps have helped lift the company to its record valuation. Photo: Bloomberg
Microsoft has gained 19 per cent so far this year, outperforming Apple and Inc, as investors piled into the stock on expectations of long-term growth for both earnings and revenue, and expansion in areas like machine learning and cloud computing. The company’s third-quarter results, released in late April, topped expectations and demonstrated strong growth across its business segments.

The tech-heavy Nasdaq 100 Index outperformed the S&P 500 Index on Tuesday after Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell reiterated his view that inflation will be short lived. Both benchmarks extended gains after Powell’s comments with the Nasdaq 100 closing up 0.9 per cent and the S&P 500 up 0.5 per cent.

Microsoft “has its hands in a lot and it is doing it all well: gaming, cloud, automation, analytics, AI,” said Hilary Frisch, senior research analyst at Clearbridge Investments. “It is an attractively valued name within tech, and it should benefit from both the economy reopening as well as from a more pronounced shift toward the cloud.”

Co-founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, Microsoft created the personal-computer software industry and dominated the market for PC operating systems and Office software for years. As internet browsers like Netscape grew in importance in the 1990s, Microsoft raced to introduce its own product that it bundled with Windows software. That led to a bruising antitrust lawsuit, filed in 1998 by the US government, with a federal judge finding the company guilty in 2000.

Microsoft’s Office apps called out by China for user privacy violations

Though Microsoft avoided a break-up of its business, the penalty the government originally sought in the antitrust case, the next decade saw the software maker largely miss the advent of mobile software, social media and internet search, falling behind newer rivals such as Google and nimbler ones like Apple. With a series of strategic shifts, in the past seven years Nadella has restored Microsoft to the vanguard of technology with a focus on cloud, mobile computing and artificial intelligence.

While it took Microsoft 33 years from its IPO to reach its first US$1 trillion in value in 2019, the next trillion only took about two years amid a surge in popularity in tech stocks before the Covid-19 pandemic and during the health crisis. Apple made Wall Street history when it reached US$2 trillion last year.

Among US names, the pair are trailed by Amazon, which has a market cap of nearly US$1.8 trillion, and Alphabet Inc, which is valued around US$1.6 trillion.


Hong Kong’s latest tech unicorn Animoca Brands is betting big on video game NFTs

Hong Kong’s latest tech unicorn Animoca Brands is betting big on video game NFTs

“Microsoft checks all the boxes: it is in the markets that investors favour, it offers strong and sustainable growth, and it remains very well positioned to capitalise on the long-term secular trends we see in technology,” said Logan Purk, an analyst at Edward Jones. A US$2 trillion valuation “is warranted, given how it has pivoted toward the cloud, and it remains attractively valued even given the strong performance.”


According to data compiled by Bloomberg, more than 90 per cent of analysts recommend buying Microsoft, while none has the equivalent of a sell rating on the stock. The average price target points to upside of about 11 per cent from current levels.

Growth Drivers

Microsoft’s cloud-computing business has been a central force behind the advance. According to data compiled by Bloomberg, the Intelligent Cloud business accounted for 33.8 per cent of Microsoft’s 2020 revenue, making it the largest of the three major segments for the first time, and up from 31 per cent in 2019. The division showed revenue growth of 24 per cent last year, compared with the 13 per cent growth in Productivity and Business Processes, and the 6 per cent growth of Microsoft’s More Personal Computing unit.

Nadella’s strategic moves had put Microsoft in a position to benefit from business trends that arose during the global pandemic. Lockdowns and remote work accelerated a shift to the company’s meeting software and pushed clients to speed up modernisation of software networks and applications around the cloud. The software maker’s Xbox gaming subscriptions also lured users looking for diversion during months stuck at home.

‘Chaotic, but a lot of fun’: gamer chat app Discord’s communities

As workers return to the office, Microsoft has tried to push new ideas for managing meetings where some attendees are in person and some remote, and has been hawking features to boost wellness and productivity for workers that the company says are burned out by the tribulations of the past year.


“At a high level, the two core pillars of Microsoft’s bull narrative – Microsoft 365 and Azure – are well understood by the investment community,” William Blair analyst Jason Ader wrote in May. “What is perhaps less appreciated is how over the last 15 years Microsoft has expanded its IT wallet share through expanding into new product areas” and taking market share. The wallet share doubled from 2006 to 2020, and “we believe it can double again over the next decade”, it wrote.

Wall Street is also positive on the company’s M&A strategy. It recently announced that it is buying speech-recognition pioneer Nuance Communications Inc. The company also tried to acquire Discord Inc for US$12 billion, but the video-game chat company rejected Microsoft’s offer.

This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: Microsoft Rises to Join Apple in the US$2tr Club