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The Pentagon building in Washington. The Pentagon said on July 6 that it cancelled its Joint Enterprise defence Infrastructure (JEDI) contract with Microsoft that was being challenged by Amazon in favour of a new contract that would meet current needs. Photo: AFP

Pentagon scraps US$10 billion JEDI cloud contract with Microsoft amid Amazon challenge

  • The Pentagon said it cancelled the Joint Enterprise Defence Infrastructure (JEDI) contract to develop a new ‘mutli-cloud/multi-vendor’ contract
  • Amazon challenged the government’s deal with rival Microsoft on the grounds that former president Donald Trump was acting against the e-commerce giant
The Pentagon said Tuesday it has scrapped a massive US$10 billion cloud computing contract, sidestepping a bitter dispute between Amazon and Microsoft over allegations of political bias that swayed the bidding.
A defence Department statement said the Joint Enterprise Defence Infrastructure (JEDI) contract was cancelled because it no longer meets current needs and that it would start a process for a new “multi-cloud/multi-vendor” computing contract.

Microsoft in late 2019 won the contract, sparking a challenge by Amazon on grounds that vengeful politics by then president Donald Trump may have improperly influenced the outcome.

Officials said that instead of going forward with the deal in the face of litigation, the government would start over with the aim of getting the most up-to-date technology.

Amazon filed a lawsuit on November 22, 2019, challenging the Pentagon‘s award of a cloud-computing contract worth US$10 billion to rival Microsoft. Amazon argued former president Donald Trump’s vendetta against CEO Jeff Bezos influenced the outcome. Photo: TNS

“JEDI, conceived with noble intent, was developed at a time when the department’s needs were different,” defence Department spokesman John Sherman said during a press briefing.

“Now, we want to leverage multiple cloud environments.”

Sherman equated arming US “war fighters” with cutting-edge, 21st century cloud computing capabilities to providing top armour or weaponry, saying the technology landscape has shifted since the JEDI contract was stalled by litigation.

A statement said the Pentagon would seek proposals from Amazon and Microsoft on a new contract, noting that the two vendors appear at the moment to be the only cloud service providers capable of meeting the department’s requirements.

Staying on mission

The 10-year JEDI programme was designed see all military branches sharing information in a cloud-based system boosted by artificial intelligence.

Amazon alleged it was shut out of the deal because of what it called Trump’s vendetta against the company and its chief executive Jeff Bezos.

Sherman maintained that it was urgent to move ahead and that “the overriding factor is not what may have happened in previous administrations; what was said or not said, the litigation.”

A combination photo shows Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos (L) in New York and former US president Donald Trump at the White House in Washington on December 14, 2016. Photo: Reuters

Amazon had been considered the lead contender to provide technology for JEDI, with Amazon Web Services dominating the cloud computing arena and the company already providing classified servers for other government agencies including the CIA.

Amazon argued in court documents that the Pentagon’s choice of Microsoft was mystifying if not for Trump’s repeated “expressed determination to, in the words of the president himself, ‘screw Amazon.’”

US defence officials will reach out to Amazon and Microsoft to solicit bids for parts of the new cloud contract, which Sherman said will have an overall value in the billions, without specifying an amount.

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“We understand and agree with the DoD’s decision,” Amazon said in response to an AFP inquiry.

“Unfortunately, the (JEDI) contract award was not based on the merits of the proposals and instead was the result of outside influence that has no place in government procurement.”

“Difficult choice”

Microsoft president of US regulated industries Toni Townes-Whitley said in a post that the technology giant “respects and accepts” the decision.

“The DoD faced a difficult choice: Continue with what could be a years-long litigation battle or find another path forward,” Townes-Whitley said in a post.

“What matters now is the way forward.”

The defence department move “ends a multi-year soap opera that has put the JEDI deal on pause,” according to Wedbush analyst Dan Ives.


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“For Microsoft this went from a lottery deal to a court nightmare with Amazon and others,” Ives said.

“The cloud shift is not slowing down so the Pentagon had to make this move.”

Amazon shares climbed nearly 5 per cent in trading that followed the announcement, which comes as the head of the internet giant’s cloud unit took over the role of chief executive from founder Jeff Bezos.

Defence officials planned to also reach out to Google, Oracle, IBM and other computing titans to assess whether they are will and able to enter the bidding for some of the jobs.

The department aimed to begin awarding contracts early next year with a hope of having systems starting to deploy by 2025.

Microsoft will be able to submit a bill to the government for terminating the JEDI contract, the amount of which has not been determined, according to Sherman.