Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP
Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP
Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat
Opinion

Opinion

Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat and Dendy Indramawan

Indonesia still wants Chinese investments, but Jokowi is also wooing Middle East money

  • Jakarta needs to drum up foreign direct investment to boost lacklustre economic growth, and its recent favourite partner has been Beijing
  • But the world’s most populous Muslim nation is now building on deep-rooted historical ties with the Middle East to lessen dependency on China

Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP
Indonesian labourers work on a construction site in Jakarta. Photo: AFP
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Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat

Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat

Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat is an academic at Universitas Islam Indonesia and is a researcher associate at Jakarta-based Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF). His research focuses on China's foreign policy in Indonesia and the Middle East. He completed his PhD on the Belt and Road Initiatives in the Gulf at the University of Manchester in 2018.