Troops from the Philippine Marines and Armed Forces reservists conduct an amphibious landing exercise. Photo: EPA
Troops from the Philippine Marines and Armed Forces reservists conduct an amphibious landing exercise. Photo: EPA

Why don’t Manila and Beijing have closer military ties, despite Duterte’s ‘pivot to China’?

  • China has attempted to entice the Philippines into closer security ties since Duterte became president in 2016
  • But stand-offs over the South China Sea and a defence treaty with the US are among the reasons the Philippine army has carefully ignored its overtures

Troops from the Philippine Marines and Armed Forces reservists conduct an amphibious landing exercise. Photo: EPA
Troops from the Philippine Marines and Armed Forces reservists conduct an amphibious landing exercise. Photo: EPA
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