A worker fearlessly walks along steel reinforcement bars at a construction site in Manila. Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto

China promised Duterte US$9 billion. He’s had only US$924 million in loans and grants. Why?

  • Beijing in 2016 pledged to fund an array of major construction jobs for the Philippine president’s signature Build, Build, Build programme
  • But three years on, many projects remain on the drawing board, leaving Duterte with little to show for his much-touted policy pivot to China
Topic |   The Philippines

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A worker fearlessly walks along steel reinforcement bars at a construction site in Manila. Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto
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Raissa Robles

Raissa Robles

Raissa Robles has written for the SCMP since 1996. A freelance journalist specialising in politics, international relations, business and Muslim rebellion, she has contributed to Reuters, the Economist Intelligence Unit, Daily Mail, Times of London, Radio Netherlands and Asiaweek. She runs the award-winning investigative and opinion blog, raissarobles.com. Her book, Marcos Martial Law: Never Again, a brief history of the dictatorship won the 2017 National Book Awards for Non-Fiction. Her Twitter handle is @raissawriter.