US not seeking ‘zero sum’ engagement with Asia but will stand up against coercive China, Kamala Harris says
- Harris said the Biden administration’s vision for Indo-Pacific engagement takes into account regional countries’ disinterest in a ‘zero sum’ mentality
- US vice-president’s visit to Singapore and Vietnam was touted as a diplomatic charm offensive but has been overshadowed by chaos in Afghanistan
“Our engagement in Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific is not against any one country, nor is it designed to make anyone choose between countries,” she said.
The vice-president said her tour of Singapore and Vietnam was part of an effort to highlight this vision.
“We will invest our time and our energy to fortify our key partnerships including with Singapore and Vietnam,” Harris said in the speech at Singapore’s Gardens by the Bay.
Harris arrived in Singapore on Sunday and departed for Vietnam late on Tuesday.
“The United States will pursue a free and open Indo-Pacific that promotes our interests and those of our partners and allies,” she said.
“We know that Beijing continues to coerce, to intimidate and to make claims to the vast majority of the South China Sea,” Harris said.
Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines and Brunei dispute Beijing’s claim to much of the South China Sea, saying it contravenes their sovereignty and maritime rights as enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Indonesia says it is not a party to the dispute – although the northern reaches of its Natuna islands’ exclusive economic zone overlap with Beijing’s nine-dash line, which demarcates its vast claim to about 90 per cent of the South China Sea.
Beijing does not recognise the PCA ruling, and insists it has historical rights to the resource-rich waters, which are a thoroughfare for international trade worth about US$4 trillion annually.
Harris in her speech said the US would seek to expand engagement in trade and public health.
“Looking forward, our vision is a world where global health security is strengthened and where we can detect and attack new viruses early on and we are taking steps to make that future a reality,” Harris said.
She added that the US has offered to host the 21-economy Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) meetings in 2023 as part of its effort to deepen economic cooperation with the region. The trade group includes seven of the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) member states as well as China and Hong Kong.
Nydia Ngiow, a Singapore-based senior director with the BowerGroupAsia consultancy, said the emphasis on the US “returning to multilateralism” was the most striking takeaway from Harris’ speech.
“Given that one of the primary purposes of Harris’ trip is to assure the region that the US prioritises the region and is once again a key player in the international stage, having her talk about working multilaterally with Asean is promising,” Ngiow said.
Before her departure, US officials said Harris would use the trip to emphasise Washington’s commitment to sustaining its economic and security presence in Asia.
Alfred Wu, an associate professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore, said Harris’ comments would likely go down well in the region as it addressed some of the “misunderstandings” about America’s approach towards China.
“Her argument was that the US was not trying to attack China or any country but that it wanted to maintain the rules-based system,“ Wu said, noting however that Beijing was sure to rebut the vice-president’s comments about its actions in the South China Sea.
In Singapore, US VP Harris talks about South China Sea, US exit from Afghanistan and Covid-19
Ngiow said that although the trip had been overshadowed by the crisis in Afghanistan, where the Taliban has seized control of the country, Harris’ speech “made some headway in redeeming herself from the first official trip she took”.
After Tuesday’s speech, Harris joined a round table discussion with Singapore government officials and business leaders to discuss supply chain resilience.
Members of her delegation, including Kin Moy from the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs in the State Department, Phil Gordon, the vice-presidential deputy national security adviser, and Edgard Kagan, the senior director for East Asia and Oceania in the National Security Council, joined a panel discussion after the speech.
Moy said Harris’ remarks about China aligned with the administration’s view that the relationship between the two superpowers would involve competition as well as cooperation.
“Sometimes, there will be an adversarial relationship and we will defend our interests when we must,” Moy said, adding that US-China ties have matured to a point where there seems to be more areas of competition.
Gordon rejected the notion that the US and China were destined to clash. He said that although Washington and Beijing had differences in principles and interests, the US does not want a new cold war.
“We have to do everything we can to pursue [our] interests while avoiding the sort of conflict that I know people in the region are worried about,” he said.
Her departure from Singapore was delayed for three hours, and Bloomberg later reported that this was due to “an anomalous health incident” in Hanoi.
The State Department has frequently used the phrase “anomalous health incidents” to describe the so-called Havana Syndrome, which has afflicted dozens of US diplomats and intelligence officials who describe feeling ill and other unusual physical sensations after hearing strange sounds.
Additional reporting by Bloomberg