- The government has expanded its consumption voucher plan to cover people in the city who are eligible for permanent residency
- However, some argue this is unfair to those who have been left out: domestic helpers and locals planning to emigrate
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Context: Second batch of Hong Kong consumption vouchers
The Hong Kong government will hand out a second batch of HK$5,000 (US$637) in consumption vouchers from August 7. The first round of the same amount was distributed in April to more than 6.3 million residents.
Hong Kong permanent residents aged 18 and above are entitled to collect the vouchers. The government has also extended the scheme to cover people in Hong Kong who are eligible for permanent residency. But it has excluded locals who are planning to emigrate.
For those in Hong Kong eligible for permanent residency, no minimum period of stay will be required for eligibility. But they will receive only HK$5,000, which is half of the scheme’s total amount.
People who have been absent from Hong Kong for three consecutive years between June 18, 2019, and June 22 this year without specific reasons will be excluded from the scheme.
Residents with specific reasons for remaining outside the city will still qualify. This includes, for example, elderly Hongkongers living in Guangdong or Fujian province under officially recognised retirement schemes. Other exceptions include those who have left the city for study or work.
The government estimated in March that the HK$10,000 e-vouchers would boost the economy by 1.2 per cent.
After the government handed out the first round of consumption vouchers in April, retail sales rose by 11.7 per cent year on year. This ended a two-month decline. The total monthly sales value also increased to HK$30 billion. Of that amount, sales of electrical appliances and other consumer durables surged by more than 40 per cent.
Billy Mak Sui-choi, associate professor at Baptist University’s department of finance and decision sciences, said the second batch of e-vouchers would have more positive effects than the first round. This is because the Covid-19 situation has calmed down compared to April.
What is the main purpose of the consumption vouchers, and has it been effective? Explain your answer using information from Context and the glossary at the end of the page.
Should the consumption vouchers be extended to all Hong Kong citizens regardless of their age? Explain using your own knowledge.
Using Context, explain why the man approaching the e-voucher counter is choosing to “keep that quiet”.
Based on information from the glossary at the end of the page, will keeping quiet be enough to persuade the government that he should get the e-voucher?
To what extent do you agree with this man’s actions, and why?
News: Hong Kong voucher scheme extended to give non-PR residents, foreign students HK$5,000 handout
Financial Secretary Paul Chan Mo-po early this month said the broader eligibility criteria for the second round of consumption e-vouchers to include people in Hong Kong eligible for permanent residency would add about 300,000 people to the scheme, many of them entrepreneurs and students.
This will also increase the overall cost of the handouts by between HK$1.5 billion (US$191 million) to HK$1.7 billion, which he called an “affordable” amount.
The revamped eligibility requirements, while welcomed by many, left some residents who had moved overseas feeling bitter.
Retired university professor Kenndall Wong, who moved to Britain in August last year, said the exclusion was “unfair”. Wong, 53, said he did not close out his pension accounts in Hong Kong as he was uncertain whether he could become a naturalised citizen in Britain.
“The Hong Kong government has no right to deprive me of the privilege that other taxpayers deserve,” he said.
Zhou Shenji, a 30-year-old doctoral candidate who came to Hong Kong from mainland China in 2019, said he was happy with the government’s new arrangement, which made him feel seen.
“I have lived in Hong Kong for three years, and I have contributed to the city’s consumption,” he said. “The new arrangement is the acknowledgement of my staying here.”
Lawmakers such as Wendy Hong Wen also welcomed the government’s decision, saying it could help the city attract and retain talent from the mainland and elsewhere.
“We are suffering from a brain drain in a variety of industries. As the city is under post-pandemic reconstruction, we need talent urgently,” Hong said.
Lawmaker Gary Chan Hak-kan said he also supported the new arrangement in principle, adding that it was a “good use of taxpayers’ money”.
“In the past, the emigration wave was not as severe, so the government was loose about such regulations,” he said. “But now, the situation is different. It is a universally applied rule that only citizens or permanent residents are eligible to obtain such privilege. Otherwise, it’d be unfair to Hong Kong taxpayers.”
With reference to News and Context, identify and explain TWO reasons that those in Hong Kong eligible for residency should be included in the e-voucher scheme.
Why does Wong assert that the Hong Kong government has “no right to deprive [him] of the privilege that other taxpayers deserve”? To what extent do you agree with him, and why?
Issue: Migrant workers’ groups slam government for excluding domestic helpers in second batch of consumption vouchers
Migrant workers’ groups have slammed the Hong Kong government for excluding some 400,000 domestic helpers in the second disbursement of HK$5,000 in consumption vouchers after authorities said they did not have enough financial resources to cover the community.
Eman Villanueva, a spokesman for the Asian Migrants’ Coordinating Body, said the union had appealed to authorities to provide more financial aid to helpers since the onset of the pandemic.
“I think it’s a pattern that shows how the Hong Kong government treats domestic helpers. They always claim we are part of Hong Kong society and recognise our contribution, but it’s all lip service,” he said. “They don’t walk the talk. We feel it’s all hypocritical.”
Johannie Tong Hiu-yan, from advocacy group Mission for Migrant Workers, said helpers faced high financial and mental health stresses as they worried about losing their jobs and supporting their families during the pandemic.
A 2021 survey from the group found 85 per cent of more than 1,000 workers said their monthly expenses in the city had increased since the pandemic began. About 60 per cent said their monthly expenditure rose between HK$100 and HK$1,000, for items such as food and transport.
Government officials defended the eligibility criteria. Jessie Wong Hok-ling, head of the budget and tax policy unit at the Financial Secretary’s Office, told a radio programme that helpers were not included in the scheme because of authorities’ financial commitments.
“If our goal was to purely boost consumption, this could have been achieved by having no limitation on age and other elements,” she said.
However, Villanueva said the policy should be geared towards providing support to those who needed it.
“I don’t think this is about residency issues, it’s about fair treatment,” he said, noting helpers contributed to the local economy by spending part of their salaries in the city.
In 2018, Hong Kong’s domestic workers contributed an estimated US$12.6 billion (HK$98.9 billion) to the city’s economy, and they enabled more than 110,000 mothers to rejoin the workforce, according to a study commissioned by Experian, a global information services company, in partnership with Hong Kong-based charity Enrich.
How does Jessie Wong justify excluding domestic workers from the consumption vouchers? Is her reasoning convincing? Explain.
Based on your answer above, elaborate on ONE argument supporting the voucher scheme’s exclusion of domestic workers and ONE opposing it.
Boost consumption :
to do something to increase the use of goods and services in economic terms. Increased consumer spending on goods and services can help drive a city’s economy and gross domestic product (the total value of goods produced and services provided in a city during a year).
Consumption vouchers :
the scheme first introduced last year in a bid to boost the city’s economy amid the Covid-19 pandemic, with each eligible resident receiving e-coupons worth HK$5,000. The second iteration of the scheme doubled the amount to HK$10,000 and split it into two batches to be distributed from April 7 and August 7.
Naturalised citizen :
refers to someone who has acquired citizenship or nationality of a country that is not where they had originally held citizenship
People planning to emigrate :
refers to individuals who plan to leave Hong Kong. One factor the government will check is whether someone has submitted a request to withdraw money from their Mandatory Provident Fund or benefits under Occupational Retirement Schemes before the age of 65, and if they have made a declaration to leave permanently when submitting these requests.
Permanent residents :
refers to those who are entitled to live and work in Hong Kong without any restrictions or conditions of stay. They also have the right to vote in city elections. Foreigners who have lived in Hong Kong for seven consecutive years can apply for permanent residency. Domestic helpers cannot apply for permanent residence no matter how long they stay.