Want to bring a bit of style and fashion to your English? Buckle down (which means to start working hard) and take a look at these clothing idioms.
Roll up your sleeves
Meaning: to prepare for hard work. This is very similar to the term, “buckle down”.
Example: Let’s roll up our sleeves, everyone. There’s a lot of work for us to get through done today.
Below the belt
Meaning: something, for example, a remark, that is very insulting and unfair. The expression comes from boxing, where it is illegal to hit an opponent below the belt.
Example: We might not agree with the government on everything, but doxxing officials is below the belt.
An ace up your sleeve
Meaning: a secret plan, idea, or advantage that can be used if and when it is needed. The expression comes from card games, where the “ace” is usually the highest-ranking card. It also refers to cheating at a card game by hiding a favourable card up one’s sleeve.
Example: Taking the dog to the vet is going to be hard, but I’ve got an ace up my sleeve – a big steak.”
Caught with your pants down
Meaning: to be completely surprised by something because you are not prepared for it. The idiom is similar to “caught red-handed” except that it does not involve being caught committing a crime.
Example: The history pop quiz caught the entire class with their pants down.
Dressed to the nines/dressed to kill
Meaning: wearing nice clothes for a special occasion. Another idiom with a similar meaning is “dolled up”, or “gussied up” which refers to a woman wearing make-up and fashionable clothes for a special occasion
Example: Everyone was dressed to the nines for the graduation dinner.
Meaning: if you go through something with a fine-tooth comb, you examine it very carefully.
Example: Go through your essay with a fine-tooth comb before handing it in to your teacher.
Meaning: If you treat someone with kid gloves, you deal with them very gently or carefully. The term comes from gloves made from the leather of a young animal, in this case the goat, which are very soft and not meant for hard work.
Example: A social worker complained that some parents treat their teenage children with kid gloves, and they end up acting like spoiled brats.
Meaning: If you are in your birthday suit, you are not wearing any clothes. This refers to the fact that people are naked when they are born.
Example: “I didn’t bring my pyjamas on this trip, so I plan to sleep in my birthday suit,” my friend joked.
Walk a mile in someone’s shoes
Meaning: you should try to understand someone before criticising them. The full idiom is: Before you judge someone, walk a mile in their shoes.
Example: My brother can come across as selfish or mean-spirited, but you should try walking a mile in his shoes before criticising him; he was bullied a lot in school.
Tighten your belt
Meaning: to spend less money than you did before
Example: With the economy so bad and thousands of people losing their jobs, we all have to tighten our belts.
Meaning: questionable activities that one wants to keep secret. “To wash your dirty laundry/linen in public” or to “air your dirty laundry/linen in public” means to talk about things that should be kept private.
Example: My mum said she hates people who wash their dirty laundry in public.
Hot under the collar
Meaning: very angry about something
Example: When I rejected my friend’s idea about eating at a fancy restaurant, he got rather hot under the collar.
Off the cuff
Meaning: if you speak off the cuff, you say something without having prepared or thought about your words first
Example: He didn’t have time to prepare the presentation, so he just spoke off the cuff.
Hat / cap in hand
Meaning: being very humble, usually asking for a favour or apologising for something bad you have done
Example: He was late for our study session, so when he finally arrived, hat in hand, he brought chocolates for everyone.
Meaning: if you put on your thinking cap, you think seriously about something
Example: As organisers of the debate competition, it is time for us to put our thinking caps on and decide the topics for this year.