56 names for sugar the food industry uses to hide how much is in their products

Brown rice syrup, corn syrup, dextrose, agave nectar, ethyl maltol, fruit juice concentrate - no matter what the label says, it’s all added sugar. Some are worse for you than others, though

PUBLISHED : Monday, 25 April, 2016, 6:00am
UPDATED : Monday, 25 April, 2016, 5:59am

Sugar is not always conveniently labelled as “sugar” in a food product’s ingredients list. The food industry comes up with other names for sugar that don’t seem so bad - think “brown rice syrup” or “organic raw sugar” - to hide the real amount of added sugar in their products, says Dr Robert Lustig, Professor of paediatrics at the University of California and author of Sugar Has 56 Names: A Shopper’s Guide.

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Here are the names (Note: * = contains fructose, or what Lustig calls “alcohol without the buzz”. Fructose, he says, causes seven times as much cell damage as does glucose, because it binds to cellular proteins seven times faster; and it releases 100 times the number of oxygen radicals, which kills everything in sight.)

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1. Agave nectar*

2. Barbados sugar*

3. Barley malt

4. Beet sugar*

5. Blackstrap molasses*

6. Brown rice syrup*

7. Brown sugar*

8. Buttered syrup*

9. Cane juice crystals*

10. Cane sugar*

11. Caramel*

12. Carob syrup*

13. Castor sugar*

14. Confectioner’s sugar*

15. Corn syrup

16. Corn syrup solids

17. Crystalline fructose*

18. Date sugar*

19. Demerara sugar*

20. Dextran

21. Dextrose

22. Diastatic malt

23. Diatase

24. Ethyl maltol

25. Evaporated cane juice*

26. Florida crystals*

27. Fructose*

28. Fruit juice*

29. Fruit juice concentrate*

30. Galactose

31. Glucose

32. Glucose solids

33. Golden sugar*

34. Golden syrup*

35. Grape sugar*

36. High-fructose corn syrup*

37. Honey*

38. Icing sugar*

39. Invert sugar*

40. Lactose

41. Malt syrup

42. Maltose

43. Maple syrup*

44. Molasses*

45. Muscovado sugar*

46. Organic raw sugar*

47. Panocha*

48. Raw sugar*

49. Refiner’s syrup*

50. Rice syrup

51. Sorghum syrup*

52. Sucrose*

53. Sugar*

54. Treacle*

55. Turbinado sugar*

56. Yellow sugar*