Of all the quotations attributed to Mao Zedong, "political power grows out of the barrel of a gun" is one of the best remembered. The earliest record of it predates a historic congress that established the principle that the Communist Party leads the army.
Xi Jinping was elected General Secretary of the Chinese Communisty Party and Chairman of the Central Military Commission at the 18th Party Congress in 2012, replacing Hu Jintao as the top leader of the Communist Party. Xi was elected President in March 2013. Born in 1953, Xi is the son of Xi Zhongxun, a veteran leader of the Party. He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1979 with a degree in engineering.