Microsoft founder Bill Gates speaking during the Reinvented Toilet Expo in Beijing on November 6, 2018, with a sealed jar containing human faeces on his podium. Photo: REUTERS
David Dodwell
Opinion

Opinion

Inside Out by David Dodwell

Don’t hold your nose: the 400-year-old flush toilet is overdue for an upgrade as hundreds of millions of people go without it

  • More than 2.3 billion people have no access to basic sanitation, leaving 890 million people defecating in open space, according to the WHO
  • That leaves over 500,000 deaths a year among children under five, and US$200 billion in annual health costs from diseases

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Microsoft founder Bill Gates speaking during the Reinvented Toilet Expo in Beijing on November 6, 2018, with a sealed jar containing human faeces on his podium. Photo: REUTERS
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