Philip G. Altbach
Philip G. Altbach
Philip G. Altbach is founding director and research professor at the Centre for International Higher Education, Boston College, US.

Singapore has been an open academic society with considerable academic freedom and independence, but there are also restrictions – many of them unwritten. The Lion City highlights how carefully crafted limitations can coexist with a successful academic system.


Universities in the US and elsewhere have responded to the growing suspicion of Chinese intentions by cutting joint programmes and restricting Chinese researchers, and it surely won’t be long before China begins to curtail student numbers abroad.