Alessandro Arduino
Alessandro Arduino
Dr Alessandro Arduino is principal research fellow at the Middle East Institute at the National University of Singapore, specialising in the roles played by private military contractors and technology in modern warfare.

Beijing’s ambition for the SCO to counter the Western-led international order is proving challenging due to violence among associates, and distrust between new member Iran and Middle Eastern powers.

Live-streams and Telegram footage of the Ukraine war show Kyiv’s success in the information sphere. But it’s making the fog of war even more impenetrable and this calls for a new legal paradigm, especially as war crimes investigations gather pace.

The ex-Soviet republic’s economic crisis and Russia’s involvement in quelling deadly riots is adding to Beijing’s list of woes amid its rivalry with the US.

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Turkey’s flexible foreign policy when it comes to China and Russia is worrisome to the US as it seeks to rebuild alliances and reassert its global influence, writes Alessandro Arduino.

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The playbook for future conflict will almost certainly include the launch of suicide drones aimed at swarming Israel’s anti-missile defence system.

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The region is trying to thread the eye of the needle by balancing ‘digitisation with Chinese characteristics’ against American efforts to block the use of such systems.

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Offering protection from large swings in value, stablecoins offer extremist and criminal networks an avenue for illicit activity in a region that has widely adopted digital payments.

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Tehran‘s retaliation for the killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh could take many forms from cyberattacks to full-blown proxy warfare. But its actions will affect future negotiations with the Biden administration.

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As both Armenia and Azerbaijan double down on their brutality in the conflict, Azerbaijan’s introduction of drones has removed the limits to its aggression.

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Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan highlights several disturbing trends, including the increased use of mercenaries and the role of social media in heightened tensions.

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The emerging threat to the global hegemony of the US dollar is e-currencies, and Beijing’s huge head start could put it in control of the world’s financial structure

Before drones, a pandemic the scale of the Covid-19 crisis would have halted most combat operations. But unmanned aerial vehicles can now allow states to deploy attacks or carry out surveillance from afar.

Beijing’s ‘balanced vagueness’ places bets on both sides. If the Libyan government wins, the belt and road gets a boost. If the army wins, PetroChina gets one instead.